cod. 12893

Academic year 2011/12
1° year of course - First semester
Professor responsible for the course unit
BRACCHI Pier Giovanni
integrated course unit
8 credits
course unit

Course unit structured in the following modules:

Learning objectives

The course aims to give at the student a specific knowledge of cytology, embryology, histology and zoology.
During the practical activities the student will learn to distinguish structural features of the tissues by optical microscope.
The student must demostrate to have learned study methods for the following areas: basic taxonomy, invertebrate/vertebrate zoology of those species of veterinary importance, basic cell function and mechanism, organization, expression and trasmission of genetic information, basic molecular biology, basic principals of animal behaviour.


Knowledge provided for the entrance examination Recovery of educational debt

Course unit content

Notions of general embryology and placentation.
Notions of cytology and histology: the cell, epithelial tissues, connective tissue, muscle tissue, nerve tissue; method of making up and interpretation of histological sections.
During practical activities by optical microscope the student will learn to distinguish structural characteristics of tissues and their organization in organs.
Notions of zoology.
The origin and evolution of life on earth. Cell strucrure and function. DNA structure and replication. Genetic engineering. Mendelian genetics.The hisory and development of evolutionary theory. Genetic, ecological and ethological aspects of the speciation process. Taxonomy, form and function of invertebrate and vertebrate animals of primary veterinary medical interest. Vertetebrate evolution and adaptation of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Circulatory, digestive, urinary, muscular, skeletal and nervous systems are explored from an evolutionary point of view. Growth models and carrying capacity. Basic concept of animal behavior. History of animal behavior studies. Applied ethology to asses the animal welfare.

Full programme

- - -


ADAMO S., CARINCI P., MOLINARO., SIRACUSA G., STEFANINI M., ZIPARO E.: Istologia di V. MONESI, Piccin, Padova, 2008.
CASASCO E.: Citologia Istologia, La goliardica Pavese, Pavia, 1989.
COOPER G. M., HAUSMAN R. E.: La cellula un approccio molecolare, Piccin, Padova.2009.
BACHA W. J., WOOD L. M.: Atlante a colori di istologia veterinaria, Delfino, Roma, 2004.
ROSS M.H., PAWLINA W., BARNASH T. A.: Atlante di istologia e Anatomia microscopica, Ambrosiana, Milano, 2010.
YOUNG B., LOVE J. S., STEVENS A., HEATH J. W.: Wheater – Istologia e anatomia microscopica, Elsevier Masson, Milano, 2007.

BARBIERI M., CARINCI P.: Embriologia, Ambrosiana, Milano, 1997.
BARONE R.: Anatomia Comparata dei Mammiferi Domestici, Vol 4, Edagricole, Bologna, 2003.
PELAGALLI V.P. et. al.: Embriologia – Morfogenesi e anomalie dello sviluppo, Idelson Gnocchi, Napoli, 2009.

Cleveland P., Hickman JR. et al. Diversità animale. McGraw-Hill, 2008, Web site.
Cleveland P., Hickman JR. et al. Fondamenti di zoologia. McGraw-Hill, 2009, Web site.
Mainardi D. L'Etologia caso per caso. Airplane, 2002.
K. Lorenz - Scienziato e guru della natura - LE SCIENZE, 1999.
P. Jensen - ETOLOGIA DEGLI ANIMALI DOMESTICI - Ed. italiana a cura di P.G. Bracchi, F. Grasselli e G. Zannetti - McGraw-Hill Ed., 2010.

Teaching methods

Theoretical training - Lectures: Cytology, Embriology, Histology, Zoology
Practical training: Recognition in histological slides by means of optical microscope of Epithelium tissue, Connective tissue, Muscle tissue, Neuron: cell body and nerve cell processes. Seminars, temate videos and population genetics test.

Assessment methods and criteria

Embryology, histology:
Recognition of histological slide by light microscopy and oral exam
Oral exam with a randomly choose of the questions and images.

Other information

- - -