cod. 1001641

Academic year 2023/24
1° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Anatomia degli animali domestici (VET/01)
Discipline della struttura e funzione degli organismi animali
Type of training activity
68 hours
of face-to-face activities
5 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Integrated course unit module: HISTOLOGY EMBRYOLOGY ZOOLOGY

Learning objectives

The teaching of "Veterinary General Histology and Embryology" is part of the "Embryology and Zoology Histology" course. The aim of the course is to provide the student with notions of cytology, embryology and histology to help them acquire the foundations useful for the training path towards the future veterinary doctor.
Precisely the students need to be able to:
1. Know and understand the principles of cytology, embryology, and general histology. Be able to understand and use the appropriate scientific vocabulary. Be able to critically elaborate the acquired knowledge. (knowledge and understanding)
2. Be able to use the acquired knowledge to recognize different tissues and understand the different levels of structural organization (subcellular / cellular/ tissutal); to understand the dynamics of development, starting from the gametogenesis to the formation of the three germ layers; to analyze different factors that influence the variation of the fetal circulation at birth; to understand the dynamics of the formation of the fetal membranes and placenta of veterinary species (applying knowledge and understanding)
3. The students at the end of the lessons need to demonstrate the comprehension of the different topics introduced during the lectures and plenaries, and the ability to correlate the different structural levels. In particular, they need to be able to integrate and handle the acquired knowledge in multidisciplinary areas (making judgments)
4. The students need to demonstrate the ability to communicate clearly the knowledge acquired using adequate language (communication skills)
5. The student needs to demonstrate the ability to correlate, integrate and handle the gained knowledge in multidisciplinary areas. Additionally, they need to demonstrate to have developed abilities that make them autonomous in the handling of their knowledge (learning skills)


Specific knowledge required by the admission test and when necessary, recovery of the educational debt in Biology. (O.F.A.)

Course unit content

The course is divided into three parts.
The first part of the course dedicated to the cytology, treats of the structure of eukaryotic cell.
The second part gives notions of general embryology from gametogenesis to germ layers formation and regarding the species of veterinary interest, covers fetal membranes, placentation, fetal circulation and changes at birth will be treated.
In the third part, that is devoted to histology and includes theoretical and practical lectures the teacher provides knowledge on structural and functional characteristics of the various tissues and on the techniques and equipment necessary for the preparation of histological slides and their analysis.

Full programme

For the reason of space, the program of the course is available on the course website (Elly).
For consultation please refer to each cohort.


The students, in addition to the reference texts listed below, by signing in the course website, using ID and password, are going to have:
• The course contents detailed,
• The video material relating to teaching (bound material),
• Outlines to take on the theoretical and theoretical-practical activities,
• Link to open web sources.
• Six computers with digitized histological images are available at the Veterinary Anatomical Museum.

Reference Text:
PELAGALLI G.V., e coll.: Embriologia, Morfogenesi e Anomalie dello Sviluppo, Idelson - Gnocchi, Napoli, 2009.
Other texts:
BARBIERI M., CARINCI P.: Embriologia, Ambrosiana, Milano, 2015.
BARONE R.: Anatomia Comparata dei Mammiferi Domestici, Vol 4, Edagricole, Bologna.
DE FELICI M., e coll.: Embriologia Umana - Morfogenesi – Processi molecolari - Aspetti Clinici, Piccin, Padova, Seconda edizione, 2014.
LATSHAW W. K.: Lo sviluppo degli Animali Domestici – Embriologia ad Orientamento Clinico, Ambrosiana, Milano.
NODEN DREW M., DE LAHUNTA A.: Embriologia degli Animali Domestici – Sviluppo normale e Malformazioni congenite, Edi-ermes, Milano.
-Cytology and Histology:
Reference Text:
ADAMO S., et al.: Istologia di Monesi, VII edizione, Piccin, Padova, 2018.
Other texts:
MESCHER A.L., et al.: JUNQUERIA Istologia - Testo Atlante, Piccin, Padova.
DELLMAN H.D., EURELL J.A.: Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica Veterinaria, Ed. Grasso, Bologna, 2005.
LIEBICH H.G.: Istologia e anatomia microscopica dei Mammiferi Domestici e degli Uccelli. Edizioni Piccin 2012.
Reference Text:
ROSS M. H., PAWLINA W., BARNASH T. A.: Atlante di Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica, Ambrosiana, Milano, 2010.
Other atlases:
BACHA W.J., BACHA L.M.: Atlante a colori di Istologia Veterinaria, Edizioni Piccin, Padova, 2023.
FAMILIARI G., et al.: Anatomia microscopica - Atlante di microscopia ottica ed elettronica fondato da Pietro Motta, Piccin 2016.
YOUNG B., LOVE J.S., STEVENS A., HEATH J. W.: Wheater – Istologia e anatomia microscopica, Elsevier Masson, Milano.

Teaching methods

Course is taught in the presence of lectures. Only in the case of particular national health contingencies, the lessons will take place in mixed mode or only remotely through the use of IT supports.
Each topic is treated in order to highlight how the structural organization of organs can explain clinical aspects of veterinary medicine.
The course includes theoretical and practical lessons.
The course is divided in theoretical and practical lectures held in the in the halls of department.
The lectures are carried out through the use of histological slides/images, films, software of Microscopic Anatomy. The theoretical-practical activities follow the topics of the lectures in a way that the students firstly get to know the basic notions; the students are guided by working sheets given previously to them via the website of the course (authentication is needed for the access).
The Theoretical-Practical Exercise activity has various purposes.
Through the use of the worksheets provided, the atlases, the texts and links indicated, the notes collected, the digitized images, the PC and the microscope, the student individually and in groups will have to solve questions posed by the teacher aimed both at recognizing the various tissues, and to the identification of correlations between basic subjects and clinical subjects.
This approach will allow the student to verify his study method and preparation before the final exam. Furthermore, this activity will allow them to get used to communicating the knowledge learned and their correlation also in the interdisciplinary fields.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the achievement of the objectives set by the teaching involves a first test / question where the student must describe and recognize the tissues present in a histological preparation indicating their peculiar characteristics. This part of the examination may be carried out, at the discretion of the Exam Commission, on the basis of technical and health problems that may occur during the course, either under an optical microscope or through a video image.The exam continues with 3 questions, one for each part of the course (Cytology, Histology and General Embryology), randomly identified by the computer.The exam aims to evaluate whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and the ability to apply the knowledge gained.The exam grade is associated with the overall assessment of the responses given by the student, weighted according to the load time of each part of the course; however, having regard to the mode of selection of questions, nowhere are permitted answers seriously insufficient (less than 4 of 10).The examination will be completed with the second part, in the exams scheduled, with the definition of the final evaluation.
In case of health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide http://selma.unipr.it/).
Students with disabilities, SLD and BSE must first contact "Centro Accoglienza e Inclusione" (cai@unipr.it).

Other information

Students are received by appointment and at the end of lessons.