cod. 1004558

Academic year 2023/24
1° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Anatomia degli animali domestici (VET/01)
Discipline della struttura e funzione degli organismi animali
Type of training activity
64 hours
of face-to-face activities
4 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Integrated course unit module: VETERINARY NORMAL ANATOMY

Learning objectives

The module “Veterinary Anatomy II” is part of the course “Veterinary Anatomy”.
The primary aim of the module is to give to the students the required knowledge regarding organogenesis and microscopic anatomy of different apparats, systems and organs of veterinary animal species. The ultimate aim for the students is to gain solid basic knowledge necessary for the continuation of the educational process towards the profession of veterinary medicine.
Precisely the students need to be able to:
1. Know the structure of apparats, systems and organs, understand and critically correlate their interactions in the organization of the animal body. Be able to understand and use the scientific terminology of the area (knowledge and understanding)
2. Be able to use the acquired knowledge in recognizing different organs using optical microscopes and understanding of the different levels of structural organization (applying knowledge and understanding)
3. The students at the end of the lessons need to demonstrate the comprehension of the different topics introduced during the lectures and plenaries, and the ability to correlate the different structural levels. In particular, they need to be able to integrate and handle the acquired knowledge in multidisciplinary areas (making judgments skills)
4. The students need to demonstrate the ability to communicate clearly the knowledge acquired using adequate language (communication)
5. The students need to demonstrate the ability to correlate, integrate and handle the gained knowledge in multidisciplinary areas. Additionally, they need to demonstrate to have developed abilities that make them autonomous in the handling of their knowledge (learning skills)


The General Veterinary Histology and Embryology module is preparatory, therefore the examination of the Course in Histology, Embryology - Zoology must be passed.

Course unit content

Course: Veterinary Anatomy 2 (4CFU – 64 hours)
During the course, the following topics will be addressed: Organogenesis and Microscopic Anatomy of Systems and Apparatuses. Locomotor apparatus. Digestive apparatus. Respiratory apparatus. Urogenital apparatus: Urinary organs, male and female genital organs. Integumentary system. Endocrine system. Cardiovascular and lymphovascular system. Nervous system. Sensory nervous system. The treated animals are dog, cat, horse, ruminants and swine.

Full programme

For the reason of space, the program of the course is available on the course website (Elly).
For consultation please refer to each cohort.


The students, in addition to the reference texts listed below, by signing in the course website, using ID and password, are going to have:
• The course contents detailed,
• Outlines to take on the practical activities,
• At the "A. Lemoigne" Veterinary Anatomical Museum, there are six computers where digitized histological preparations relating to the preparations analyzed during the course are loaded.

-Anatomy Textbooks:
Reference text:
KONIGH H.E., LIEBICH H.G.: Anatomia dei mammiferi domestici. Piccin, Padova, VI Edizione 2017.
Other texts:
BARONE R.: Anatomia comparata dei mammiferi domestici, Voll 1, 2, 3, 4, 5/1, 5/2, 6 and 7, Edagricole, Bologna, 2003-2012.
DYCE K.M., SACK W.O., WENSING C.J:G: Testo Atlante di Anatomia Veterinaria, Delfino Editore Roma, IV Edizione 2016.

-Anatomy Atlases:
BUDRAS K.D., McCARTY P.H., FRICKE W., RICHTER R.: Anatomy of the dog, Ed. Schlutersche 2002.
BUDRAS K.D., Sack W-O., ROCK S.: Anatomy of the horse, Ed. Schlutersche 2001.
POPESKO P.: Atlante di Anatomia topografica degli animali domestici, Ed. Grasso, Bologna, 1997.

-Microscopic Anatomy Textbooks:
Reference text:
LIEBICH H.G.: Istologia e anatomia microscopica dei Mammiferi Domestici e degli Uccelli. Edizioni Piccin 2012.
Other texts:
DELLMAN H.D., EURELL J.A.: Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica Veterinaria, Ed. Grasso, Bologna, 2005.
ROSS M.H. PAWLINA W. Istologia con elementi di biologia cellulare e molecolare. Edizioni Ambrosiana 2016.

Atlases of Microscopic Anatomy:
Reference text:
BACHA W.J., BACHA L.M.: Atlante a colori di Istologia Veterinaria, Edizioni Piccin, Padova, 2023.
Other texts:
MESCHER A.L.: JUNQUEIRA Istologia Testo e Atlante. Edizioni Piccin 2020.
FAMILIARI G., et al.: Anatomia microscopica - Atlante di microscopia ottica ed elettronica fondato da Pietro Motta, Piccin 2016.

Embryology textbook:
Reference text:
PELAGALLI G.V., et al.: Embriologia Morfogenesi e Anomalie dello Sviluppo, Idelson-Gnocchi Editore, Napoli, 2009.
Other texts:
DE FELICI M.: Embriologia Umana – Morfogenesi Processi molecolari Aspetti clinici. Edizioni Piccin 2020.

Teaching methods

This course is taught in the presence of lectures. Only in the case of special national health contingencies, the lessons will take place in hybrid mode or only remotely using an IT platform.
Each topic is treated in order to highlight how the macroscopic and structural organization of organs can explain clinical aspects of veterinary medicine.
The course is divided into theoretical and practical lectures held in assigned classes of the department.
2 credits are dedicated to the practical lectures.
A CFU is carried out in a classic way, in the Laboratory, in the classes, and in the Educational Veterinary Anatomical Museum, using histological slides and an optical microscope, digitized histological images, films, and software with Microscopic Anatomy programs.
These practical activities are based on the topics of the lectures allowing the students to know first the basic notions; the students are guided by working sheets given previously to them via the website of the course (authentication is needed for the access).
The activity relating to the second CFU is mixed with theoretical lessons and allows students to be directly involved, individually or in groups, in "problem-solving" activities, interactive analysis of digitized preparations, a summary of topics previously covered, in-depth analysis, and clarifications; it is also used for educational experiments.
The Theoretical-Practical Exercise activity has various purposes.
Through the use of the worksheets provided, the atlases, the texts and links indicated, the notes collected, the digitized images, the PC and the microscope, the student individually and in groups will have to solve questions posed by the teacher aimed both at recognizing the various tissues, and to the identification of correlations between basic subjects and clinical subjects.
This approach will allow the student to verify his study method and preparation before the final exam. Furthermore, this activity will allow them to get used to communicating the knowledge learned and their correlation also in the interdisciplinary fields.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assesment of the achievement of the defined aims, is verified by one unique exam that covers also the module of Veterinary Anatomy I.
The exam involves in a first test/question where the student must identify the organ present in a histological slide and indicate its useful characteristics for the purpose of diagnosis. This part of the examination may be carried out, at the discretion of the Exam Commission, on the basis of technical and health problems that may occur during the course, either under an optical microscope or through a video image.
In the following part the student need to answer to 4 questions, regarding the aspects of Organogenesis, Microscopic Anatomy and Macroscopic Anatomy, randomly identified by the computer and divided into the following groups:
Osteology, Arthrology and Miology;
Nervous system and sensory nervous organs;
Angiology and Integumentary system.
The purpose of the exam is to verify if the student has reached the following aims: knowledge and understanding of the topics; ability to applicate the acquired knowledge, to communicate it and use it properly in an autonomous manner.
The result of the exam is related to a global evaluation of the answers given by the student, on 5 different proposed topics; the evaluation for each topic is expressed in tenths. Even one only severely insufficient answer (inferior of 4 out of 10), makes the exam not valid. The final vote, result of the mean of the five evaluations, is expressed in a 30-point scale.

In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide
Students with disabilities, SLD and BSE must first contact "Centro Accoglienza e Inclusione" (

Other information

The theoretical and practical activities will be carried out by means power point presentation, anatomic macroscopical and microscopical preparations. We would like to highlight that all the teaching materials showed and used, could not be given to the students in line with the active copyright normative.
Students are received by appointment and at the end of lessons.