cod. 1004557

Academic year 2021/22
1° year of course - Annual
Ferdinando GAZZA
Academic discipline
Anatomia degli animali domestici (VET/01)
Discipline della struttura e funzione degli organismi animali
Type of training activity
100 hours
of face-to-face activities
7 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Integrated course unit module: VETERINARY NORMAL ANATOMY

Learning objectives

The module “Veterinary Anatomy I” is part of the course “Veterinary Anatomy”.
The primary aim of the module is to give to the students the required knowledge regarding macroscopic anatomy of different apparats, systems and organs of veterinary animal species. The ultimate aim for the students is to gain solid basic knowledge necessary for the continuation of the educational process towards the profession of veterinary medicine.
Precisely the students need to be able to:
1. Know the morphology of apparats, systems and organs, understand and critically correlate their interactions in the organization of the animal body. Be able to understand and use the scientific terminology of the area (knowledge and understanding)
2. Be able to use the acquired knowledge in vascularization, innervation and differential diagnosis of different organs and understanding of the different levels of structural organization (applying knowledge and understanding)
3. The students at the end of the lessons need to demonstrate the comprehension of the different topics introduced during the lectures and plenaries, and the ability to correlate the different structural levels. In particular, they need to be able to integrate and handle the acquired knowledge in multidisciplinary areas (making judgments skills)
4. The students need to demonstrate the ability to communicate clearly the knowledge acquired using adequate language (communication)
5. The students need to demonstrate the ability to correlate, integrate and handle the gained knowledge in multidisciplinary areas. Additionally, they need to demonstrate to have developed abilities that make them autonomous in the handling of their knowledge (learning skills)


The course of General Embryology and Histology are compulsory.

Course unit content

Course: Veterinary Anatomy 1 (7 CFU – 100 hours)
During the course, the following topics will be addressed: Organogenesis and Microscopic Anatomy of Systems and Appartuses. Locomotor apparatus. Digestive apparatus. Respiratory apparatus. Urogenital apparatus: Urinary organs, male and female genital organs. Integumentary system. Endocrine system. Cardiovascular and lymphovascular system. Nervous system. Sensory nervous system.

Full programme

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The students, by signing in the course website using ID and password, are going to have:
the course contents detailed.
Outlines to take on the theoretical and practical activities
However at the Anttomical Veterinary Museum "A Lemoigne" there are six computers available with virtual anatomy software of the different species taken during the course.

Anatomy Textbooks:
BARONE R.: Anatomia comparata dei mammiferi domestici, Voll 1, 2, 3, 4, 5/1, 5/2, 6, 7/1 e 7/2, Edagricole, Bologna, 2003-2012.
DYCE K.M., SACK W.O., WENSING C.J:G: Testo Atlante di Anatomia Veterinaria, Delfino Editore Roma, IV Edizione 2016.
KONIGH H.E., LIEBICH H.G.: Anatomia dei mammiferi domestici. Piccin, Padova, VI Edizione 2017.

Anatomy Atlases
BUDRAS K.D., McCARTY P.H., FRICKE W., RICHTER R.: Anatomy of the dog, Ed. Schlutersche 2002.
BUDRAS K.D., Sack W-O., ROCK S.: Anatomy of the horse, Ed. Schlutersche 2001.
POPESKO P.: Atlante di Anatomia topografica degli animali domestici, Ed. Grasso, Bologna, 1997.

Textbooks/Atlases of Microscopic Anatomy:
DELLMAN H.D., EURELL J.A.: Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica Veterinaria, Ed. Grasso, Bologna, 2005.
LIEBICH H.G.: Istologia e anatomia microscopica dei Mammiferi Domestici e degli Uccelli. Edizioni Piccin 2012.
ROSS M.H. PAWLINA W. Istologia con elementi di biologia cellulare e molecolare. Edizioni Ambrosiana 2016.

Atlases of Microscopic Anatomy:
BACHA W.J., WOOD L.M.: Atlante a colori di Istologia Veterinaria, Delfino Editore, Roma, 1997.
Zavanella T., et al.: Atlante di Anatomia Microscopica dei Vertebrati, Delfino Editore, Roma, 2012.

Embryology Textbook:
PELAGALLI G.V., et al.: Embriologia Morfogenesi e Anomalie dello Sviluppo, Idelson-Gnocchi Editore, Napoli, 2009.

Teaching methods

The course of the Anatomical Structures of Primary Animal Origin includes theoretical and practical lessons. Considering the status of the health emergency the lectures could be done either in the classroom (“in presenza”) or in synchronous-streaming (“in telepresenza”) on the Teams platform. The course is divided in theoretical lectures held in the teaching halls and plenaries in the sectory room. At the beginning of each lecture, an interactive discussion between the professor and the students will take place, with the aim to verify the acquired knowledge during the previous lectures. The plenaries follow the topics of the lectures in a way that the students firstly get to know the basic notions, guided by working sheets given previously to them via the website of the course (password needed for the access).

Assessment methods and criteria

The assesment of the achievement of the defined aims, is verified by one unique exam that covers also the module of Veterinary Anatomy I.
The exam is made of one practical part on the optical microscope, where the students need to idenfify the organ present in the sample by describing the structural characteristics used for the final diagnosis. The following part is an oral exam, where the students discuss the written part of the practical exam and need to answer to 4 questions, regarding the aspects of organogenesis, microscopic anatomy and macroscopic anatomy. All the questions are defined in a random way by a computer and are grouped in the following categories:
1 question regarding Osteology, Arthrology and Miology;
1 question regarding Splancnology;
1 question regarding the Nervous system and (sensory nervous system);
1 question regarding Angiology and Integumentary system.
The purpose of the exam is to verify if the student has reached the following aims: knowledge and understanding of the topics; ability to applicate the acquired knowledge, to communicate it and use it properly in an autonomous manner.
The result of the exam is related to a global evaluation of the answers given by the student, on 5 different proposed topics; the evaluation for each topic is expressed in tenths. Even one only severely insufficient answer (inferior of 4 out of 10), makes the exam not valid. The final vote, result of the mean of the five evaluations, is expressed in a 30-point scale.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (
Students diagnosed with learning disabilities according the law n° 170/2010, benefit the support provided to them by law.

Other information

The theoretical and practical activities will be carried out by means power point presentation, anatomic macroscopical and microscopical preparations. We would like to highlight that all the teaching materials showed and used, could not be given to the students in line with the active copyright normative.