By the end of the course the student:
1. will understand what is meant by personal identity within the history of modern and contemporary philosophy and what side themes are determining to define, in particular, its meaning; will also be able to understand how the gradual introduction and emphasis of the concept of alterity puts the Lockian paradigm into question, making interesting ethical implications emerge at the same time;
2. will know the philosophical lexicon. Particular attention – both from a theoretical and historical-philosophical point of view – will be reserved to the terms: internal perception, external perceptions, identity, alterity, empathy, sympathy; will also strengthen the skills to understand the development of the topic addressed in the course within the history of modern and contemporary philosophy;
3. will be able to take a position on the issues discussed during the course and to grasp analogues and differences between the theories of the authors addressed;
4. will develop the ability to argue in favor of the theses supported taking into account the historical-philosophical context. He/she will be able to independently read and understand the works of the authors discussed in class and to grasp the paradigm shift between empiricism and phenomenology in the way of understanding personal identity.