HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
cod. 1000186

Academic year 2023/24
2° year of course - Second semester
Professor
- Beatrice CENTI
Academic discipline
Storia della filosofia (M-FIL/06)
Field
Storia della filosofia e istituzioni di filosofia
Type of training activity
Basic
60 hours
of face-to-face activities
12 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ITALIAN

Learning objectives

Knowledge of main tendencies in the history of philosophy from the modern age to the end of the 20th century. Knowledge and understanding of a number of philosophical texts which are read in the classroom (descriptor 1).
Knowledge of at least some terms of the German philosophical lexicon.
Knowledge of the primary arguments of the History of Philosophy from the 18th to the 20th centuries.
Ability to comprehend the principal lines of argument of a philosophical text, including on the basis of lexical skills that make it possible to comprehend the relevance of given philosophical terms in given historical and cultural contexts (descriptor 2 and 3).

Prerequisites

To get knowledge of the themes of the history of philosophy which are treated in the first year of the course. To be qualified to comprehend the main concepts and arguments contained in a philosophical text.

Course unit content

Crisis and critique: the problem of the foundation of the knowledge in the modern philosophy and in the philosophy of the twentieth century: Kant and Husserl.

The course aims at illustrating and discussing the relation between subjectivity and foundation of knowledge, between knowledge and the ends of the humanity. Pages of the works of I. Kant and E. Husserl will be read and discussed. The course aims to develop main concepts of the history of philosophy from Kant’s thought to the philosophy of the twentieth century such as subjectivity, intersubjectivity, surrounding world, destiny and ends of the humanity.

Full programme

Crisis and critique: the problem of the foundation of the knowledge in the modern philosophy and in the philosophy of the twentieth century: Kant and Husserl.

The course aims at illustrating and discussing the relation between subjectivity and foundation of knowledge, between knowledge and the ends of the humanity. Pages of the works of I. Kant and E. Husserl will be read and discussed. The course aims to develop main concepts of the history of philosophy from Kant’s thought to the philosophy of the twentieth century such as subjectivity, intersubjectivity, surrounding world, destiny and ends of the humanity.


I. Kant, Critica della ragion pura, parte seconda, Logica, B 74-B187; trad it. di C. Esposito, Bompiani, Milano 2004, pp. 167-313 e ristampe. Sono ammesse anche altre traduzioni.

E. Husserl, La crisi delle scienze europee e la fenomenologia trascendentale, 1936, 1954, trad. it. di E. Filippini, il Saggiatore, Milano 1961 e ristampe, pp. 1-293.
Non-attending students should look these works up:
A. Guerra, Introduzione a Kant;
V. Costa, Husserl, Carocci, Roma 2009;
N. Abbagnano-G. Fornero, Protagonisti e Testi della Filosofia, Paravia, Torino 2000 e ristampe;
J. Hospers, Introduzione all’analisi filosofica, Milano, Mondadori 2003.

Bibliography

I. Kant, Critica della ragion pura (parti), 1787.

E. Husserl, La crisi delle scienze europee e la fenomenologia trascendentale, 1936, 1954.

Teaching methods

The course syllabus has been designed to develop the conceptual analysis of the proposed topic with direct reference to the writings of the authors examined, including through readings and discussion.
In the classroom, textbooks that have the original text and translations side-by-side will be used; when such texts are not available, original language texts will be used so that students will become familiar with the most important terms and those which are specific to each author examined.

Assessment methods and criteria

The oral examination tends to verify historical and philosophical knowledge acquired through the class attendance, the study of the texts and bibliography, contextualising them in historical and philosophical tradition (descriptors 1 and 2); the level of critical assimilation of conceptual contents; the property and the adequacy of linguistic expression; skill in autonomous argumentation (descriptors 3, 4, 5).
At the end of the course, students have the basic conceptual and methodological tools to understand and discuss a philosophical text.
Assessment criteria and assessment thresholds:
30 cum laude: Excellent, excellent solidity of knowledge, excellent expressive properties, excellent understanding of the concepts
30: Very good. Complete and adequate knowledge, well-articulated and correctly expressed
27-29: Good, satisfactory knowledge, essentially correct expression.
24-26: Fairly good knowledge, but not complete and not always correct.
22-23: Generally sufficient knowledge but superficial. Expression is often not appropriate and confused.
18-21: Sufficient. The expression and articulation of the speech show important gaps.
<18: insufficient knowledge or very incomplete, lack of guidance in discipline, expression seriously deficient. Exam failed.

Other information

In order to know life, works and the historical context of Kant and Husserl, the following texts are recommended:
F. S. Trincia, Guida alla lettura della Crisi delle scienze europee di Husserl, Laterza, Bari 2012.
A. Guerra, Introduzione a Kant, Laterza, Roma-Bari 1998

V. Costa, Husserl, Carocci, Roma 2009.

For non-attending students:
Storia della filosofia, a cura di N. Abbagnano e G. Fornero, UTET; Storia della filosofia, a cura di P. Rossi e C.A. Viano, Laterza.