cod. 09095

Academic year 2023/24
3° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Igiene generale e applicata (MED/42)
Scienze della prevenzione dei servizi sanitari
Type of training activity
14 hours
of face-to-face activities
2 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Integrated course unit module: HYGIENE, OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, AND

Learning objectives

General Hygiene course aims to provide students with the basic knowledge to understand factors that may interact with the health of the individual and the community, and learn the meaning of prevention strategies.



Course unit content

Hygiene and Public Health. Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine.

Full programme

Definition of Health, Hygiene and Public Health; evolution of the health concept. Objectives and methods of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine. Role of Public Health. DiseaseS prevention and health promotion. Definition of epidemiology and fields of study. Causal factors and risk factors; determinants of health. Overview of health demography and health indicators. Data sources. The main epidemiological measures: rates and proportions, prevalence and incidence; risk measures and causal relationship; association. Epidemiological studies: observational studies, experimental studies.
General epidemiology of infectious diseases: microorganisms and us; sources and reservoirs of infection; mechanisms (ways) of transmission of infectious diseases. Factors favoring the occurrence of infections. Ways of infections onset in the population.
General prevention of infectious diseases: the levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary prevention). General prophylaxis of infectious diseases: notification, isolation, default measures, epidemiological investigation, disinfection, sterilization, antisepsis, asepsis. Active immunoprophylaxis: vaccines and vaccinations. Passive immunoprophylaxis. Primary and secondary chemoprophylaxis.
Epidemiology and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases. Definition and characteristics of a screening test: sensitivity, specificity and predictive values. Screening campaigns.
Epidemiology and prevention of care-associated infections.
Drinking water. Notes on the sources of water supply and sources of pollution. Criteria for drinking water.


Barbuti, Fara, Giammanco et al. Igiene Medicina Preventiva Sanità Pubblica . Edises (2014)-II Ed.2022
Signorelli C. Igiene e sanità pubblica. Secrets. domande e risposte. Editore SEU (2021).
Learning material used during the lessons provided by the teacher.

Teaching methods

Lectures will be held on-site. Supporting material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids or video-recording of the lectures.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the definited objectives achievement consists of an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and whether it is able to apply the knowledge acquired in the exercise of profession.
Students with learning disabilities (DSA/BSE) must contact the University's Center for Accommodation and Inclusion (cai@unipr.it).

Other information

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