LOGIC AND GRAMMAR
cod. 1008007

Academic year 2022/23
2° year of course - First semester
Professor
- Roberto PINZANI
Academic discipline
Logica e filosofia della scienza (M-FIL/02)
Field
Istituzioni di filosofia
Type of training activity
Related/supplementary
30 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ITALIAN

Learning objectives

1- knowing and comprehension capability

Analytic and logic-argumentative competence as to the logical-linguistic theories applied to natural language considered in the course. Discussion and analysis skills.

2- knowing and applied comprehension capabilities

Capacity in applying logic methods. Performing written texts, in which the reasoning exposition of personal thesis will be evaluate

3-4-5 independent judgment, communicative skills, learning capabilities

improving the capabilities of independent judgment on arguments concerning logical and linguistic theories and capabilities to evaluate different theoretical positions; skills in presenting own considerations in a coherent manner, adducing arguments for it.

Prerequisites

There are no prerequisites. It is however useful to have a rudimentary knowledge of the logic of propositions and of the calculus of first order.

Course unit content

Subject of the course is the the concept of semantic category and the syntactic and semantic analysis of natural languages. We will consider some modern and contemporary theories of linguistic analysis; in particular those of Ajdukiewicz, Lambek, Montague.

Full programme

The questions at issue concerns semantic categories as applied to the analysis of natural language. These issues will be explored with reference to the following authors / topics:

E. Husserl,
The concept of the category of meaning, substitutability (two expressions of the same semantic category are replaceable in selected contexts).

K. Ajdukiewicz,
The resumption of the theme of Husserl's semantic categories; the concept of syntactic connectivity derivation of the exponent

J. Lambek,
semantic categories, heuristic procedures, the derived categories, the calculation syntax.

R. Montague.
The form of grammar, logic and philosophical problems, the categorical lexicon, grammar, the intermediate logical language, translation, syntax-semantics.

Bibliography

texts and course notes can be downloaded from the website: http://www.slprbo.unipr.it (folder 'Documents') User and password for students enrolled in the course.

Bibliography:
Ajdukiewicz, K. (1935). Die syntaktische Konnexität, “Studia Philosophica”, 1, [trad. it. in Bonomi (1973)].
Bonomi, A. (1973). La struttura logica del linguaggio, Bompiani, Milano.
De Palma, A. (1974). Linguaggio e sistemi formali, Einaudi, Torino.
Frege, G. (1891). Funktion und Begriff, Pohle, Jena; rist. in Frege (1967); [trad. it. in Bonomi (1973)].
Frege, G. (1892). Über Begriff und Gegenstand, “Vierteljahrsschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie”, 16, 192-205; rist. in Frege
(1967); [trad it. in A. Bonomi (1973)
Husserl, E. (1900-1901). Logische Untersuchungen, M. Niemeyer, Halle; [trad. it.: Husserl (1968)].
Husserl, E. (1968). Ricerche logiche, trad. it. a cura di G. Piana, Il Saggiatore, Milano
Lambek, J. (1958). The Mathematics of Sentence Structure, “American Mathematical Monthly”, 45, 207-23; [trad it. in De Palma
(1974)].
Montague, C. (1973). The Proper Treatment of Quantification in Ordinary English, in Hintikka - Moravcsik - Suppes (1973), 221-
42, ora in Montague (1974).
Montague, C. (1974). Formal Philosophy, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven – London.

Teaching methods

Oral lessons

Assessment methods and criteria

final written exam or, in the case of online teaching, oral exam with connection on Teaams. In the tests the following are checked in particular: 1) understanding of the texts, 2) ability to use an appropriate technical-philosophical language; 3) clarity in defining and exposing the topics addressed in the course

Other information