cod. 1008540

Academic year 2021/22
1° year of course - Second semester
- Italo TESTA
Academic discipline
Filosofia teoretica (M-FIL/01)
Istituzioni di filosofia
Type of training activity
30 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

In-depth knowledge and understanding of theoretical philosophy, its
relation to socio-philosophical questions and critical theory, and its application to contemporary
debates. Ability to discuss in an argumentative form the subject-matters
proposed in the lessons and to critically compare different interpretations
of the assigned texts. Development of communicative and learning skills,
and of the ability to make autonomous judgments on theoretical
questions. Ability to compose a written work in argumentative
form on the course themes


Knowledge of the fundamental concepts and the principal authors in the
history of theoretical philosophy.
Attendance of the course "Theoretical and Social Philosophy" held in the first part of the second semester is recommended even if not mandatory.

Course unit content

Poetry and Criticism

The course will focus on the connection between theory, criticism and reflexivity, in the thought on poetry of some German-speaking thinkers of the Romantic Age.

Full programme

Optional Readings:

P.Szondi, Poetica dell’idealismo tedesco, Einaudi 1974


- Friedrich Schiller, Sulla poesia ingenua e sentimentale (1795), SE,
Milano, 2005

Friedrich Schiller, Gli Dei della Grecia, in Id., Poesie, a cura di G. Pinna, Feltrinelli, Milano, 2019, pp. 2-9 (testo disponibile su Elly)

- J.C. F. Hölderlin / F.W.J. Schelling / G.W.F. Hegel, "Il più antico
programma dell’idealismo tedesco" (1795-7), in Bellezza e verità, a cura
di F. Rella, Feltrinelli, Milano 1990, pp. 46-48 (testo disponibile su Elly)

G.W.F. Hegel, "La contraddizione sempre crescente, in Id., Scritti politici, a
cura di Claudio Cesa, Einaudi,1972, pp. 9-11 (testo disponibile su Elly)

- F. Hölderlin, "Prefazione al Frammento di Iperione", "Prefazione alla penultima stesura di Iperione"
", in Scritti di estetica, Milano, SE, 1987, pp. 46 e 54-5 (Testi disponibili Su Elly)

F. Schelling, Sistema dell'idealismo trascendentale, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 1990, Introduzione § 4, pp. 20-22; Sezione Sesta §§ 1-3, Annotazione Generale all'Intero Sistema, pp. 285-307 (testo disponibile su Elly)

- Novalis, Frammenti, Rizzoli 1991, fr. 1186-1307 (testo disponibile su Elly)

- F. Schlegel, "fr. 116 di Atheneum", "fr.115 di Lyceum", in Frammenti
critici e poetici, a cura di M. Cometa, Einaudi, Torino, 1997 (Testi disponibili su Elly)

- G.W.F. Hegel, Estetica, Tomo Secondo, Parte Terza, Sezione Terza,
Capitolo Terzo: “La poesia”, Einaudi, 1997, pp. 1072-1162.

Teaching methods

teacher up-front lesson
Guided discussion

Assessment methods and criteria

The final exam involves the composition of an argumentative paper (max 20,000 characters) on the topics and texts of the course, previously agreed with the teacher. Students who also attend the "Theoretical and Social Philosophy" will be allowed to present a single two-part paper (max. 30.000 characters) for both courses.
The final grade will consist of the paper evaluation (70%) and the oral exam (30%: discussion of the bibliography of the course). For students who have attended at least 70% of the lessons, the oral exam will be performed through the assessment of participation in the class discussion and a report held during the course. For other students, the oral exam on the bibliography will be held on the occasion of the final exam

The final evaluation (on a scale of 0-30) will be determined on the basis of four factors: 1) Expressive accuracy; 2) argumentative capacity and independence of judgment; 3) Ability to read, understand, and critically analyze philosophical texts; 4) Ability to identify theoretical links between different concepts and philosophical positions.
The exam is considered passed if it reaches the minimum grade of 18/30. The final mark will be determined according to the following parameters:
30 e Lode: Cum Laude; Outstanding expressive skills, brilliant ability to argue a thesis in a convincing way and to identify its weaknesses, terrific understanding and critical analysis of the texts assigned and the main concepts involved
30: Excellent; accurate and very well articulated expression skills, excellent understanding of the texts assigned and the concepts and topics involved
27-29: Very Good; correct and orderly expression skills, adequate capacity for argumentation and critical analysis of texts and concepts
24-26: Good: Good but not always correct expression skills, satisfactory ability to argue a philosophical thesis and to analyze texts and concepts, knowledge of texts not always complete
21-23: Discreet: not always appropriate expression skills, discreet argumentative ability, sometimes unsatisfactory understanding of texts and concepts
18-21: Sufficient: expressive skills often not adequate, unsatisfactory argumentative capacity, acceptable but often superficial knowledge and understanding of texts and concepts
0-18: Insufficient: Serious expressive gaps, inability to philosophically argue a thesis, inadequate knowledge and understanding of texts and concepts

Other information

The course is linked to the course of "Theoretical Philosophy and Critical Theory" which takes place in the first part of the second semester. Students who will attend both courses will agree specific exam methods and bibliography with the teacher. The two courses can however be followed individually.