cod. 1008606

Academic year 2023/24
3° year of course - First semester
- Gemmo IOCCO
Academic discipline
Storia della filosofia (M-FIL/06)
Discipline filosofiche
Type of training activity
30 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

By the end of the course, the Student of History of Phenomenology:

1. will have introduced to the key concepts of phenomenology with particular attention for the realistic value-theories developed by Max Scheler and Nicolai Hartmann;

2. will have acquired detailed knowledge of the philosophical lexicon. Specifically, it will be payed theoretical and historical attention to the following terms: perception, emotion, value, attitude, material apriori, eidetic intuition. He/she will improve his/her ability to orientate him/herself within the history of philosophy gaining in-depth knowledge in what precisely the phenomenological realism consists in;

3. developed the capacity to take a stance on the philosophical issues discussed in class;

4. developed the ability to argue for the supported thesis considering the historical-philosophical context;

5. read and understood autonomously the works of the discussed authors. He/she will be able to grasp the key-role played by phenomenology within the history of contemporary philosophy.



Course unit content

Value and Reality: Phenomenological Views

Phenomenology played a key-role within the history of realism-idealism debate since it outlines a specific approach addressed to fill the reality-ideality divide. In a narrow sense this issue concerns the ethical field if we consider the attention deserved by some leading figures of phenomenological movement to the value-reality intertwinement. In order to shed light on the specific way in which phenomenology discusses the divide between reality and ideality the course is aimed at sketching out the realistic value-theories proposed by Max Scheler and Nicolai Hartmann.

Full programme

Value and Reality: Phenomenological Views

M. Scheler, Il formalismo nell’etica e l’etica materiale dei valori, (1913-1916), Bompiani, Milano 2013, pp. 111-233 e 643-679.

N. Hartmann, Etica. Fenomenologia dei costumi (1926), Guida, Napoli 1969, pp. 165-223.

Further suggested readings (optional):

V. Costa, Il movimento fenomenologico, La Scuola, Brescia 2014.

F. Toccafondi, Max Scheler. L'ambiente, gli altri, i valori, Mimesis, Milano-Udine 2023.

G. D’Anna, Realismi. Nicolai Hartmann «al di là» di realismo e idealismo, Morcelliana, Brescia 2013.


M. Scheler, Il formalismo nell’etica e l’etica materiale dei valori, (1913-1916), Bompiani, Milano 2013, pp. 111-234 e 643-679.

N. Hartmann, Etica. Fenomenologia dei costumi (1926), Guida, Napoli 1969, pp. 165-223.

Teaching methods

Lectures. Reading, analysis and discussion of the authors' works, written training.

Assessment methods and criteria

Oral examination. The oral examination is aimed to verify: I) command of the topics and of the texts presented in class; II) the ability to contextualize issues within the historical-philosophical reference-horizon
Assessment criteria and assessment thresholds:
30 cum laude: Excellent, excellent solidity of knowledge, excellent expressive properties, excellent understanding of the concepts
30: Very good. Complete and adequate knowledge, well-articulated and correctly expressed
27-29: Good, satisfactory knowledge, essentially correct expression.
24-26: Fairly good knowledge, but not complete and not always correct.
22-23: Generally sufficient knowledge but superficial. Expression is often not appropriate and confused.
18-21: Sufficient. The expression and articulation of the speech show important gaps.
<18: insufficient knowledge or very incomplete, lack of guidance in discipline, expression seriously deficient. Exam failed.

Other information

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