cod. 1005930

Academic year 2021/22
3° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Diritto pubblico comparato (IUS/21)
Attività formative affini o integrative
Type of training activity
54 hours
of face-to-face activities
9 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

The course aims to provide methodological tools and theoretical foundations of comparative law through, first of all, the understanding and analysis of topics such as the notion, the manner and purpose of public/constitutional comparative law. Particular attention will be dedicated to the study of some specific aspects that characterize the evolution of the forms of state and the forms of government in the comparative analysis. Part of the course will be reserved for the examination of the different models and protection techniques of fundamental rights in comparative law, also through the study of the jurisprudence, also in an European constitutional perspective (European Courts of Justice and European Courts of human rights).
With reference to the knowledge and understanding, the course aims to provide students with knowledge about the relation between theory and research in the juridical comparative law and with the ability to develop new topic in the comparative law field through the study of jurisprudence and legal models.
In relation to the applying knowledge and understanding, the course will enable students to understand the different legal phenomena and to analyse specific cases, in order to verify the possible application of the learned theoretical assumptions in relation to new questions and challenges (such as the protection of fundamental rights).
With regard to making judgements, the course aims to develop in students the ability to integrate the gained knowledge through the comparative legal analysis, in order to individually assess the applications and the legal implications of cases or judgments.
With regard communication skills, the goal of the course is to develop the ability to communicate appropriately and comprehensively, using a correct language (technical legal terms), paying special attention to the development of interpretative processes structured on the basis of theoretical principles of public/constitutional comparative law.
Finally, with regard to learning skills, the course will be organized in order to allow students to acquire the theoretical and methodological tools of comparative law in order to be able to analyze on their own the relevant case studies and to do researches.


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Course unit content

General Part: the use of comparison in the public law/constitutional law between science and method. The families of the legal systems. Forms of state: notions and classifications. Forms of government and their peculiar characters. Comparative constitutional justice among centralized or decentralized model of judicial review. Access to the Constitutional Courts: direct appeal, direct appeal of the citizens; the recurso de amparo and the protection of the rights. The “rights-outside” the national Constitutions: European integration through the rights. The new contents and the new techniques of protection of fundamental rights between the evolution of the constitutional languages and the orientations of judges and Constitutional Courts. The role of judges (especially constitutional ones) in the configuration of rights and in the development and management of new protection techniques of rights.
The special part of the course will be reserved for some emerging Countries of particular importance for the study of comparative constitutional law, such as: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (also known as BRICS). In order to promote students’ active participation, Seminars will be held (eventually online, according to the pandemic situation) focusing on the peculiar BRICS cooperation. Based on these seminars, attending students will be asked to actively participate through research activities and debate.

Full programme

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General part:
T. E. FROSINI, Diritto Pubblico Comparato. Le democrazie stabilizzate, Il Mulino, 2019 (full text).
Special part:
L. SCAFFARDI (a cura di), BRICS. Paesi emergenti nel prisma del Diritto comparato, Giappichelli, 2012 (full text)
For the final exam it is required a deep knowledge of major European Countries’ Constitutions. In this regard, we recommend: G. CERRINA, E. FROSINI, A. TORRE, G. CERRINA, E. FROSINI, A. TORRE, Codice delle Costituzioni, vol. 1, Cedam, 2015.

Teaching methods

The course is divided into lectures (54 hours). Moments of interactive participation of students will be integrated into frontal lessons, through the anlysis and discussion of relevant case studies.
Students will be involved on current and relevant topics related to Constitutional and Public Comparative Law. Attending students will be also asked to participate to the organized seminars and to actively contribute to the debate on such topics through research and discussion activities on the recent challenges BRICS Countries are facing in connection to the form of government and form of State.

Assessment methods and criteria

Final assessment (vote on thirty) is conducted through oral exam. The knowledge and understanding will be assessed through three questions in order to test the knowledge of the theoretical concepts of comparative law.
The applying knowledge and understanding will be assessed by inviting students to discuss and analyze case studies and judgments.
The making judgements will be assessed by inviting the student to formulate personal considerations on specific case studies or judgments.
The communication skills will be assessed by evaluating the use of the technical and legal language and the ability to provide appropriate definitions.
The learning skills will be assessed by evaluating the acquired knowledge and the ability to make judgments. . Attending students – those who participated to the organized Seminars and actively partecipated to the research and discussion activities – are asked to study the selected topics analyzed during the lessons as well as the case-law and specific materials discussed during the course. In the persistence of the health emergency and depending on its evolution, the oral exam may take place or in the presence or in mixed mode (i.e. in the presence, but with the possibility of sustaining it even on line for students who request it), or only online for everyone. Of the chosen modality, information will be promptly given on the esse3 system in advance of the exam.

Other information

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