cod. 13206

Academic year 2023/24
5° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Diritto pubblico comparato (IUS/21)
Type of training activity
60 hours
of face-to-face activities
9 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

The course aims to provide methodological tools and theoretical foundations of comparative law through, first of all, the understanding and analysis of topics such as the notion, the manner and purpose of public/constitutional comparative law. Particular attention will be dedicated to the study of some specific aspects that characterize the evolution of the forms of state and the forms of government in the comparative analysis. Part of the course will be reserved for the examination of the different models and protection techniques of fundamental rights in comparative law, also through the study of the jurisprudence, also in an European constitutional perspective (European Courts of Justice and European Courts of human rights).
With reference to the knowledge and understanding, the course aims to provide students with deep knowledge about the relation between theory and research in the juridical comparative law and with the ability to develop new topic in the comparative law field through the study of the jurisprudence and legal models.
In relation to the applying knowledge and understanding, the course will enable students to understand the different legal phenomena and to analyze specific cases, in order to verify the possible application of the learned theoretical assumptions in relation to new questions and challenges (such as the protection of fundamental rights).
With regard to making judgements, the course aims to develop in students the ability to integrate the gained knowledge through the comparative legal analysis, in order to assess individually the applications and the legal implications of cases or judgments.
The goal of the course is to develop the ability to communicate appropriately and comprehensively, using a correct language (technical legal terms), paying special attention to the development of interpretative processes structured on the basis of theoretical principles of public / constitutional comparative law.
Finally, with regard to learning skills, the course will be organized in order to allow students to acquire the theoretical and methodological tools of comparative law in order to be able to analyze on their own the case studies and to do research.


In order to be admitted to the Comparative public law exam, it’s necessary to have already passed the examinations of Principles of Private Law, Principles of Roman Law, Constitutional Law.

Course unit content

General part: The use of comparison in the public law/constitutional law between science and method. The families of the legal systems. Forms of state: notions and classifications. Forms of government and their peculiar characters. Comparative constitutional justice among centralized or decentralized model of judicial review. Access to the Constitutional Courts: direct appeal, direct appeal of the citizens; the recurso de amparo and the protection of the rights. The “rights-outside” the national Constitutions: European integration through the rights. The new contents and the new techniques of protection of fundamental rights between the evolution of the constitutional languages and the orientations of the judges and the Constitutional Courts. The role of judges (especially constitutional ones) in the configuration of rights and in the development and management of new protection techniques of rights.
The special part of the course will be dedicated to the delicate and complex topic of food sustainability, food insecurity, right to food and other connected topics (for example fast food law, the role of farms in the agrifood sector and in front of the digitalization and technological progress, ethics of sustainability etc). To this end, a series of Seminars will also be organized, presenting books concerning the abovementioned topics, which will represent a useful and interesting moment of in-depth study of the legal and interdisciplinary challenges at the basis of the Department of Excellence 2023-2027 project. Based on these seminars, attending students will be asked to actively participate through a deep analysis, study and discussion on a selected case law as well as on relevant current legal issues.

Full programme

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General part:
T. E. FROSINI, Diritto Pubblico Comparato. Le democrazie stabilizzate, Il Mulino, 2022 (full text).
Special part:
L. SCAFFARDI (ed), I "profili del diritto". Regole, rischi e opportunità nell'era digitale, Giappichelli, 2018 (full text).
For the final exam it is required a deep knowledge of major European Countries’ Constitutions. In this regard, we recommend: G. CERRINA, E. FROSINI, A. TORRE, Codice delle Costituzioni, Cedam, 2015.

Teaching methods

The course is divided into lectures (48 hours). Moments of interactive participation of students will be integrated into frontal lessons, through the analysis and discussion of relevant case studies. In particular, during the course, Seminars will be held dealing with the legal – but also interdisciplinary – challenges concerning the guarantee of the right to food, food insecurity and food sustainability. Thanks to the participation of numerous experts and Professors, this topic – extremely relevant also for the realization of the Department of Excellence 2023-2027 – will be studied from different points of view, considering the multiple issues related to the safeguard of the right to food due to the strong impact of climate change, limited natural resources, wars and geopolitical tensions as well as technological and scientific innovation. These topics will be studied through the presentation of books concerning the abovementioned major challenges as well as through the analysis of emblematic case-law. Attending students will be then asked to deeply study the selected case-law and to discuss it, by critically highlighting the experts’ positions, relevant literature as well as open challenges and possible legislative interventions.
Specific materials and videos will be provided, on the basis of a specific request, to students coming from Public Administrations. Specific didactic materials as well as videos regarding the seminars will be provided on the Course webpage, available for all the other students.

Assessment methods and criteria

Final assessment (vote on thirty) is conducted through oral exam. The knowledge and understanding will be assessed through three questions in order to test the knowledge of the theoretical concepts of comparative law.
The applying knowledge and understanding applied will be assessed by inviting students to discuss and analyze case studies and judgments.
The making judgements will be assessed by inviting the student to formulate personal considerations on specific case studies or judgments.
The communication skills will be assessed by evaluating the use of the technical and legal language and the ability to provide appropriate definitions.
The learning skills will be assessed by evaluating the acquired knowledge and the ability to make judgments. Attending students (students who are present in the classroom at least 70% of the total 48 hours) who participated to the organized Seminars and actively partecipated to the research and discussion activities – are asked to study the selected topics analyzed during the lessons as well as the case-law and specific materials discussed during the course.

Other information

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