cod. 09095

Academic year 2013/14
3° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Igiene generale e applicata (MED/42)
Scienze della prevenzione dei servizi sanitari
Type of training activity
14 hours
of face-to-face activities
2 credits
hub: -
course unit
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Integrated course unit module: HYGIENE, OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, AND

Learning objectives

Allow students to know and understand the tools and the basic methodology to develop and use the own and specific concepts of hygiene in the prevention of infectious and non infectious diseases in hospital and non-hospital setting.
Among the competences acquired, students will be able to:
develop self-analysis of certain health risk factors, prevention strategies both individual and collective, and of interventions to promote the health and safety of health care workers and users.


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Course unit content

The first lesson provides a framework for the discipline of hygiene
in the context of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, in relation to the concepts of health and disease. The course proceeds with an extensive discussion of all aspects of the general epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases and are more detailed blood transmissible infections and preventive aspects of diseases related to the figure of the health worker. The second part of the course deals the concepts of preventive medicine and health education. Discusses some basic tools of Public Health used in primary, secondary (screening) and tertiary prevention . The third section deals the main aspects of environmental hygiene, with particular reference to the quality of water for human use and the hygiene aspects of swimming pools.

Full programme

Determinants of health / disease
Definition of epidemiology
Fields of study of epidemiology

The measures in epidemiology
-incidence rate

Epidemiological measures of risk
-the causal factors and risk factors

General epidemiology of infectious diseases:
-transmission of infection
-factors favoring the occurrence of infections
-mode of spread of infectious diseases in the population

Preventive medicine:
-goals and methods of prevention
-levels of prevention: primary, secondary, tertiary

Prevention of infectious diseases
-discovery and inactivation of the sources of infection
-interruption of transmission chains
-immune-active and passive prevention
- pharmacology prevention

Prevention of blood transmissible infections

Health Education
- Health promotion
- The strategies of health education

General prevention of non-infectious diseases of social interest
- screening

Environmental hygiene
- Drinking water: notes on the sources of supply,
pollution and water purification
- Hygiene aspects of swimming pools


Barbuti, Fara, Giammamco et al. “IGIENE” terza edizione, Monduzzi Editore, 2011.
Online sources: www.who.int; www.istat.it; www.salute.gov.it/

Teaching methods


Assessment methods and criteria

The final evaluation consists of an oral examination intended to verify comprehension of the topic treated in the different parts of the course

Other information

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