The student will achieve a firm knowledge of the meaning of general and preliminary concepts such as natural law, positive law, rule of law, legal positivism. Subsequently the “philosophical bases of constitutionalism” will be dealt with, intended as that legal theory which surpassed legal positivism. In particular, fundamental concepts of the first three articles of the Italian Constitution, among which: citizenship, democracy, inviolable rights and liberty, equality, labour, people, sovereignty, State. Nonetheless, object of the teaching will be some notions (e.g. community, morality, tolerance) through which in the philosophical debate specific normative arguments were shaped, that are related to pluralism and social integration, to the realization of the “good life”, to the relation of rights with morals, contrasting the inequalities of a democratic society.
Aim of the course is to provide conceptual instruments through which the student may acquire autonomy of judgment concerning themes of the current affairs that are relevant from a philosophical and legal point of view.
Secundary – at least – effect of the courses (where fundamental concepts of our legal culture and relevant arguments of the legal philosophical debate are discussed) is to increase language, communication and argument skills of the student.
The student will achieve a firm fundamental legal philosophical education, which will enable him to read and understand texts of prominent authors of the contemporary legal philosophical thought.