The course aims to provide the basic concepts of Organic Chemistry that can be applied to the molecular description of biological phenomena and the modification of these to obtain biotechnological applications. In particular, the course will provide elements for understanding the chemistry of the main biological macromolecules (peptides, oligonucleotides, oligo- and polysaccharides) and their transformations, and the biological properties and origin of secondary metabolites. Case studies will also be presented where the application of such knowledge has led to important industrial progress, with particular attention to modern life-related nanotechnologies.
The course will provide the acquisition of a formally correct language; the ability to express the content in a clear and immediate way will be stimulated; the links between the different parts of the course and how they contribute to the overall understanding of the biological systems will be emphasized.
Application of knowledge:
The course aims also to provide the tools to interpret rationally and at the molecular level the main properties of biological macromolecule,s and biological pathways leading to the production of secondary metabolites. Such compounds are found only in specific organisms or groups of organisms and are the expression of the individuality of the species. It also stimulates the student's understanding of events that had previously been addressed only in a phenomenological way.
The course also aims to provide students with tools for interdisciplinary and interdisciplinary research on biotechnology and chemistry applied in this field and to discuss / communicate with chemists colleagues.