EPISTEMOLOGY
cod. 1000693

Academic year 2022/23
1° year of course - First semester
Professor
- Wolfgang Andreas HUEMER
Academic discipline
Filosofia e teoria dei linguaggi (M-FIL/05)
Field
Discipline filosofiche
Type of training activity
Characterising
30 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ITALIAN

Learning objectives

1-Knowledge and understanding
The course introduces some the main themes of epistemology and the role it plays in different philosophical traditions. This allows the students to grasp the logical space in which the debate is situated as well as the state of the contemporary debate on the topic.

2-Applying Knowledge and understanding
Through a close analysis of arguments proposed by classical philosophers students acquire techniques necessary for formulating and criticizing an argument. In addition, they sharpen their conceptual tools to engage in the debate.

3-4- Making judgments, communication skills
Students are encouraged to participate actively in discussion in class, which should train them to weigh arguments, arrive at defending a specific position and formulate arguments in favor of it.

5-Learning skills
Great emphasis will be put on reading skills: students will be trained to recognize philosophical arguments and come up with a rational reconstruction which highlights the impact of the respective argument for the debate. In short, they acquire techniques necessary for studying other topics and doing philosophy autonomously.

Prerequisites

- - -

Course unit content

The course provides an introduction into the theory of knowledge. In the first part we will discuss the definition of "knowledge", the relation between knowledge and language, and the major positions in epistemology. In the second part we will focus on the contemporary debate in epistemology.

Full programme

The extended program will be made available on the site of the course on ELLY.

Bibliography

• "Che cos'è la conoscenza", di Tommaso Piazza, Roma: Carocci, 2017.
• Platone, Teeteto (selezione)
• Sesto Empirico: Schizzi pirrhoniani (selezione)
• Cartesio: Meditazioni metafisiche (med. I e II)
• David Hume: Ricerca sull'intelletto umano, sezioni 2-5
• Otto Neurath: Proposizioni protocollari
• Teoria della conoscenza. A cura di: Clotilde Calabi, Annalisa Coliva, Andrea Sereni, Giorgio Volpe. Milano: Cortina, 2015.
(SELEZIONI, in particolare saranno interessante i seguenti capitoli del libro:
- Clotilde Calabi e Andrea Sereni: "Introduzione" (pp. 15-35)
- Edmund Gettier: "La credenza vera giustificata è conoscenza?" (pp. 37-40)
- Ernest Sosa: "Un'epistemologia delle virtù" (pp. 59-76)
- Giorgo Volpe: "Introduzione" (pp. 133-150)
- Alvin I. Goldman: "Che cos'è una credenza giustificata?" (pp. 185-211)
- Laurence BonJour: "Le teorie esterniste della conoscenza empirica" (pp. 213-253).


Students who are not able to be present at the course will prepare the same textbook. In order to assist students who cannot assist the lectures, slides and registrations of the lectures are provided at the course-site on elly.unipr.it. Students who cannot assist the lectures are cordially invited to contact the professor or come to see him during office hours in order to discuss topics related to the course or the exam modalities.

Teaching methods

Frontal lectures and discussion in class. There will be a possibility to connect to the classroom in real time via internet (depending on the sanitary situation, the method could be subject to change). Moreover, registrations of the lectures will be available for those who cannot attend the lectures in real time. In addition, we will organise (non-obbligatory) discussion groups that will allow us to further discuss the material presented in class and related topics.

Assessment methods and criteria

The exam consists of a written part with short questions, and, a few days later, an oral part with more general questions. Each part weighs 50% of the final grade.
(Please note that the sanitary situation might oblige us to change the exam-modality to online only. Should this be the case, all relevant information will be communicated on the course-website on ELLY.)

The grades range from 18 (minimum) to 30 e lode. The criteria for the assignment of the grade are:

30 e lode: excellent, profound knowledge, excellent expressive capacities, complete comprehension of the relevant concepts and arguments
30: very good, complete and adequate knowledge, good discursive capacities with respect to the topic of the course.
27-29: good, an acceptable degree of knowledge, acceptable discursive capacities with respect to the topic of the course.
24-26: mediocre level of knowledge, though incomplete and not not always correct.
21-23: basic, though superficial knowledge. Inadequate discursive competences with respect to the topic of the course.
18-21: sufficient
Below 18: insufficient. Very imcomplete knowledge, presentation unclear, incomplete comprehension of the basic concepts and arguments.

Other information

Students are warmly invited to consult the course web-site on ELLY.