The course aims to provide the theoretical, conceptual and methodological tools to analyze the process of positivization and the evolution of human rights, in the national, supranational and international law. The course aims to provide students with a better understanding of models and techniques for the protection of fundamental rights through the analysis of the constitutional case law and of other courts judgments. At the end of the course students are expected to have acquired these skills and abilities: - knowledge of the main universal and regional systems of human rights protection with particular attention to the European Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. - knowledge of methods for protecting civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights in the context of universal and regional systems of protection of fundamental freedoms. - critical analysis of national, international, and supranational law on human rights; critical analysis of the national and supranational courts case law regarding human rights.