To provide the bases for the comprehension of the molecular mechanisms of rigeneration and wound healing
To understand the contents of the course are required adequate knowledge of Histology, Anatomy, Embryology.
Course unit content
The course explores the biological basis of wound healing with particular emphasis on regeneration and the mechanisms by which it can be done. The topics covered include stem cells and strategies used for their differentiation to provide the essentials for their clinical and experimental study in the context of Regenerative Medicine.
Wound healing: the role of hemostasis and inflammation. Cytokines and cell repair. Wound healing of the skin. Repair of bone fractures
The regeneration and stem cells.
Examples of biological regeneration: the planarian, the salamander, the MRL mouse.
Embryonic stem cells: markers for characterization.
Nuclear reprogramming: methods and characteristics.
The mesenchymal stem cells: characterization, origin, differentiation techniques.
Stem cells from fetal adnexa: umbilical cord, Wharton’s jelly, amniotic fluid and placenta.
Stem cells in the adult.
Gene expression profile of mesenchymal cells and methods of molecular characterization. Culture and in vitro expansion of mesenchymal cells. Functional characteristics of mesenchymal cells: homing and trafficking.
Stem cells in liver regeneration. The stem cells in the regeneration of endocrine disruption. The stem cells in the regeneration of the skin. Stem cells and myocardial regeneration. Endothelial stem cells and vascular repair.
Lectures will be supported by slides and scientific literature, which will be provided to the students.
Lectures, seminars and laboratory training
Assessment methods and criteria
The final assessment will be carried out through an oral examination.
Each student will be directed by teachers three questions on topics listed in the program.
The inability to answer a question will result in not passing the exam.
At the end of the response each teacher will formulate a judgment:
A. Excellent knowledge and understanding of the topic. High capacity for critique and analysis of the issues. Mark out of thirty: 30.
B. Good knowledge and understanding of the subject with some serious inaccuracies. Good ability to critique and analysis of the issues. Mark out of thirty: 27-29.
C. Good knowledge and understanding of the subject despite some shortcomings. Ability to critique and analysis of themes: Mark out of thirty: 24-26.
D. Knowledge and understanding of the fully sufficient even if there are obvious gaps. Mark out of thirty: 21-23.
E. Knowledge and understanding of the subject with just enough obvious and serious flaws. Mark out of thirty: 18-20.
“Lode” will be offered to students who have achieved 30/30, for the demonstration of independence of judgment, high communication skills and ability.