cod. 08708

Academic year 2024/25
1° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Microbiologia generale (BIO/19)
Discipline biologiche
Type of training activity
72 hours
of face-to-face activities
9 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

It allows students to focus on the problems and solutions necessary to
understand the biology phenomena occurring in the bacteria.
It provides a multi-sectorial approach (chemistry, molecular biology,
taxonomical steps) for an effective understanding of bacterial biology and



Course unit content

This course familiarizes students with concepts, techniques and issues
related to microbial microbiology.
It provides students an understanding of main phenomena occurring in
the microorganism world.

Full programme

Introduction to Microbiology
- microbiology
- prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell
- microorganisms and their natural environments
- the impact of microorganism of humans
2) Macromolecules
- polysaccharides
- lipids
- nucleic acids
- amino acids and peptide bond
- proteins
3) Cell structure and functions
- microscopy and cell morphology
- cell membranes and cell walls
- microbial locomotion
- surface structures and inclusion of prokaryotes
4) Nutrition, laboratory cultures, and metabolism of microorganisms
- nutrition and culture of microorganisms
- energetic and enzymes
- oxidation-reduction and energy-rich compounds
- major catabolic pathways, electron transport and the proton
motive force
- catabolic alternatives and biosynthesis
5) Microbial growth
- bacterial cell division
- growth of bacterial population
- environmental effects on microbial growth
6) Essential of molecular biology
- gene and gene expression
- DNA structures
- DNA replication
- RNA synthesis
- protein synthesis
7) Introduction to microbial taxonomy
- classical and molecular taxonomy
- the use of Bergey’s manual
- main bacterial groups
8) Genetics of microorganisms and overview of molecular biology
- Virus
- bacteriophages


Biologia dei Microrganismi, Deho', Galli, CEA

Teaching methods

The topics concerning the contents of the course will be presented and discussed through lectures. The main concepts of each topic will be exposed, emphasizing the links between the various parts of the course and encouraging the active participation of the students. Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented.

Assessment methods and criteria

Learning outcomes will be verified through an written exam. Interim evaluation is programmed. Questions on the topics of the course will be used to verify the student’s knowledge and understanding in the field, and her/his ability to apply the knowledge and understanding in occupational contexts.

Other information