## Learning objectives

D1 - KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

To know the basics of each of the 7 macrotopics:i Physical units and vectorial calculations; ii. Mechanics; iii. Mechanics of fluids; iv. Waves and Acoustics; v. Thermology and thermodynamics; vi. Electromagnetism; vii. Light and Optics

To memorize essential formulae, grouped in a document composed by the teacher; to understand the text of a problem and of theoretical questions;

D2 - APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

To correctly employ formulae and concepts; to be able to autonomously solve physics problems, aplied to the proposed topics; to be able to understand the text of a problem and of theoretical questions;

D3 - MAKING JUDGMENTS

To be able to analyze physics problems and evaluate the simplest and most time saving way to solve it; to know how to answer questions on the physics programme in a critical way

D4 - COMMUNICATION SKILLS

To be able to answer questions in a synthetic and rigorous way; to be able to express in an immediately understandable language concepts and comments to multiple answer questions; to ask the teacher for help when needed;

D5 - LEARNING SKILLS

To be able to identify the best studying methodology and to change his/her approach to face problems and questions of physics, in case the results are not those desired; to be able to judge if basic mathematics, needed to solve physics problems, is sufficiently mastered.

## Prerequisites

No one for the specific Physics programme.

Basic mathemathical kwoledge from high school

## Course unit content

1. PHYSICAL UNITS AND VECTORIAL CALCULATIONS. Fundamentals of mathemathics.

2. MECHANICS Introduction to newtonian mechanics. The three laws of Newton. Motions and dynamics. Energy, work, power. Conservation principles. Biomechanics.

3. MECHANICS OF FLUIDS. Fluidomechanics: statics and dynamics od ideal fluids. Real fluids mechanics.

4. WAVES AND ACOUSTICS. Oscillations and waves. Periodic motions. Refraction, reflexion, diffraction. Resonance. Acoustics. Applications of ultrasounds in medicine

5. THERMOLOGY AND THERMODYNAMICS. Heat and temperature. Principle of thermodynamics. Biological Thermodynamics

6. ELETTROMAGNETISM. Introduction to electromagnetism. Electric and magnetic forces and their laws. Electric and magnetic fields. Charge movements and induction. Bioelectrical potentials.

7. LIGHT AND OPTICS. Light-matter interaction. Polarization. Geometric optics. Physical optics. Optical instrumentations and microscopes. Photonic energy. The process of vision. Biomedical applications of electromagnetic waves and iniosing radiations. Biological effects of radiations.

## Full programme

1. PHYSICAL UNITS AND CALCULATIONS. Units of SI. Measurements and errors. Basics of mathemathics. Trigonometry. Vectors and operations. Differential calculus in physics.

2. MECHANICS Newtonian mechanics and the three laws. Motions and dynamics. The three laws of Newton. Motions with constant velocity. Acclerated motions, linear and in two dimensions. Circular motions. Introduction to work and energy concepts. Energy and its conservation. Kinetic and potential energy and theorems. Hooke´s law. Conservative systems. Gravitational energy and the concept of field. Power. Momentum and its conservation. Angular momentum and its conservation. Torque and rotational dynamics. Fundamentals of biomechanics.

3. MECHANICS OF FLUIDS. Fluidomechanics I: the dynamics. Continuity equation and Bernoulli´s law. Fluidomechanics I: the statics. Stevino´s law Legge di Stevino, Archimede´s principle, Stevino´s law. Real fluids mechanics. Fluidomechanics in biological systems.

4. WAVES AND ACOUSTICS. Oscillations and waves. Periodic motions and waves. Refraction, reflexion, diffraction. Resonance. Stationary waves. Sound waves and acoustics. Beats and Doppler´s effect. Infrasound and ultrasound. Ultrasounds in medicine.

5. THERMOLOGY AND THERMODYNAMICS. Heat and temperature. Heat, work and the I principle of thermodynamics. II principle and entropy. Spontaneous processes. Applications of the II principle. Carnot ´s cycle. Biological Thermodynamics. Equlibrium, diffusion and active transport across cell membranes.

6. ELETTROMAGNETISM. Coulomb´s force. Electric field, fiel´d lines. Calculation of the electric field. Flux and the Gauss´ theorem. Coulomb´s theorem. Moving charges. Potential electric energy and electric potential. Capacitors. Electric currents, Ohm´s laws and resistance. The circuits and the electric power. Kirchoff´s laws. The magnetic field. Magnetic force and its consequences. Magnetic field and induction. Maxwell´s laws. The electromagnetic field. Electrical phenomena in biological systems and bioelectrical potentials.

7. LIGHT AND OPTICS. Light-matter interaction. Polarization. Geometric optics. Physical optics. Optical instrumentations and microscopes. How the human eye works. Environemntal UV light and its consequences in biological systems. Biiological effects of ionising radiations and dosimetry.

## Bibliography

Alan Giambattista, Betty McCarthy Richardson, Robert C. Richardson- FISICA GENERALE Principi ed Applicazioni- McGraw-Hill, 3rd edition. For web materials available see: https://highered.mheducation.com/sites/8838699364/student_view0/index.html

As an alternative: any General Physics Book with examples of biomedical applications

Teacher's slides

## Teaching methods

Lessons will be given in presence and supported by videorecorded materials. Teaching activities will be carried out via slide-based lessons and exercises. We will use for exercises the Wooclap platform (smartphone with QR code reading is necessary) that ensures a high degree of interaction between students and teacher, and allows to give your answers anonimously. Slides will be uploaded in advance on the Elly platform once a week. To download the slides it is necessary that students subscribes to the the course at the elly platform. Slides are considered integral part of the teaching material. Teaching methods and exam modalities could change, due to the SARS-CoV-2 emergency. Variations will be communicated in due time.

## Assessment methods and criteria

Written examination, built of 11 mutiple choice questions. Each completely correct answer has a value of 3 points (33 points = 30 cum laude; it is worth 31 for the average with the other modules); no penalties for uncorrect answers. Teaching methods and exam modalities could change, due to the SARS-CoV-2 emergency. Variations will be communicated in due time.

Students with SLD, SEN or disability must send request in order to be able to take advantage of compensatory and / or dispensatory measures during the examination at least 10 working days before the scheduled date for the examination. Request, by e-mail, must be addressed to the teacher of the course and, in cc, to the Contact person of Department (contact persons list and their email aivable at the following address: http://www.cai.unipr.it/it/student-con-dsa-e-con-bes/42/ ) and to the Reception and Inclusion Center (cai@unipr.it )

## Other information

Teaching materials and other usefule information: https://elly2022.veterinaria.unipr.it/course/view.php?id=62

Students will be received on thursday (10:30-12:00) at the Physics building (Campus) or via the Teams platform. The teacher will further be available for half a hour after the Physics lesson, at the Dept. of Veterinary Science. For further information and questions the teacher is available via e-mail at aba.losi@unipr.it