cod. 08245

Academic year 2024/25
3° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Anatomia umana (BIO/16)
Attività formative affini o integrative
Type of training activity
48 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

Knowledge and understanding: the course aims to provide students with
the tools and theoretical concepts for the study of the morpho-functional
organization of the human body to its different levels: the cell, the cell
organization in the tissue, the tissue integration in the organs, the
anatomical organization of the macroscopic organs, apparatuses and
systems. Applying knowledge and understanding: at the end of the
course the student should know and be able to recognize the light
microscope, the cell structure and the structure of human tissues. It must
also know the morphology of the organ system of man. Making
judgements: the student must be able to support anatomical reasoning
about the correlation between structure and function of an organ. Communication skills: the student must At the end of the course the
student will speak with technical language appropriately. Learning
skill: at the end of the course the student will be able to summarize a
short text anatomical.


Course unit content

First lessons: Cell and its components; tissue formation, organization and
classification; organization of the human body, terminology and plans
body; concept of organs, apparatus and system. Following lessons:
description and composition of the main systems.

Full programme

Cell and its components. Classification, localization and morpho-functional correlations epithelial tissues, connective tissues, muscle tissue; nervous tissue.
Muscle-skeletal system: anatomy of the main bones and muscles that compose A the walls of the body cavities.
Cardiovascular system: cellular and molecular organization of the endothelium. Anatomy macroscopic and microscopic of the heart, coronary vessels, heart valves. Structure of the wall of the arteries, veins and capillaries. Course of the main arteries and veins. Functional anatomy of the blood-forming organs primary (bone marrow) and primary lymphoid (thymus) and secondary (spleen and lymph nodes).
Respiratory system. nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs.
Digestive system: oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine , liver and pancreas.
Urinary system: gross anatomy and microscopic-functional kidney. Molecular anatomy of the nephron.
Endocrine system: general organization. The hypothalamus and the neurosecretory nuclei, pituitary. Thyroid and parathyroid, adrenal glands, the pancreatic islets.
Neuroanatomy: organogenesis and general organization of the nervous system. Macroscopic anatomy, architecture and structure of the spinal
cord, brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon with morphofunctional correlations. The cranial nerves. Pathways of voluntary and automatic motility. General visceral sensitivity. Anatomy of the visual, auditory and vestibular systems. The meninges, the cerebrospinal fluid and the ventricular cavities. Skull-brain topography. The autonomous nervous system. The peripheral nervous system: macroscopic anatomy with functional correlations and innervation territories.


1- Barbatelli G, Anatomia Umana Edi-Ermes.
2- Yang B et al. Wheater. Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica – Casa Editrice Masson.
3-J. A. Kiernan. Barr: Il sistema Nervoso dell'uomo. Edises.

Teaching methods

Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented. Supporting material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids or video-recording of the lectures.

Assessment methods and criteria

Written examination: multiple choice test consists of 32 multiple choice questions. There is no penalty for incorrect answers. The score of 31/32 and 32/32 will correspond to a final mark of 30 with honors (cum laude).
The oral examination will be performed only by student of “Neurobiology curriculum” and will be only on the Nervous System course contents. The final mark will correspond to the arithmetic average of the assessments obtained in the written test and oral examination.

Students with SLD / BSE must first contact CAI center: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (https://www.cai.unipr.it/)

Other information