## Learning objectives

The course aims to give a basic prerequisite of Physics to other disciplines such as chemistry, biochemistry, physiology, biomechanics, etc.. Additionally, the student should understand the theoretical fundamentals of ever more widespread in basic research and in diagnostic practice as electrophoresis, centrifugation, nuclear magnetic resonance, ultrasound, optical fibers for endoscopic microscopy, laser, X-ray equipment, etc.

## Prerequisites

no one

## Course unit content

1. PHYSICAL UNITS AND CALCULATIONS.

2. MECHANICS Introduction to newtonian mechanics. The three laws of Newton. Motions and dynamics. Energy, work, power. Conservation principles.

3. MECHANICS OF FLUIDS. Fluidomechanics: statics and dynamics od ideal fluids. Real fluids mechanics.

4. WAVES AND ACOUSTICS. Oscillations and waves. Periodic motions. Refraction, reflexion, diffraction. Resonance. Acoustics.

5. THERMOLOGY AND THERMODYNAMICS. Heat and temperature. Principle of thermodynamics. Biological Thermodynamics

6. ELETTROMAGNETISM. Introduction to electromagnetism. Electric and magnetic forces and their laws. Electric and magnetic fields. Charge movements and induction. Bioelectrical potentials.

7. LIGHT AND OPTICS. Light-matter interaction. Polarization. Geometric optics. Physical optics. Optical instrumentations and microscopes. Biological effects of radiations.

## Full programme

1. PHYSICAL UNITS AND CALCULATIONS. Units of SI. Measurements and errors. Basics of mathemathics. Trignometry. Vectors and operations. Differential calculus in physics.

2. MECHANICS Newtonian mechanics and the three laws. Motions and dynamics. The three laws of Newton. Motions with constant velocity. Acclerated motions, linear and in two dimensions. Circular motions. Introduction to work and energy concepts. Energy and its conservation. Kinetic and potential energy and theorems. Hooke´s law. Conservative systems. Gravitational energy and the concept of field. Power. Momentum and its conservation. Angular momentum and its conservation

3. MECHANICS OF FLUIDS. Fluidomechanics I: the dynamics. Continuity equation and Bernoulli´s law. Fluidomechanics I: the statics. Stevino´s law Legge di Stevino, Archimede´s principle, Stevino´s law. Real fluids mechanics.

4. WAVES AND ACOUSTICS. Oscillations and waves. Periodic motions and waves. Refraction, reflexion, diffraction. Resonance. Stationary waves. Sound waves and acoustics. Beats and Doppler´s effect. Infrasound and ultrasound.

5. THERMOLOGY AND THERMODYNAMICS. Heat and temperature. Heat, work and the I principle of thermodynamics. II principle and entropy. Spontaneous processes. Applications of the II principle. Carnot ´s cycle. Biological Thermodynamics

6. ELETTROMAGNETISM. Coulomb´s force. Electric field, fiel´d lines. Calculation of the electric field. Flux and the Gauss´ theorem. Coulomb´s theorem. Moving charges. Potential electric energy and electric potential. Capacitors. Electric currents, Ohm´s laws and resistance. The circuits and the electric power. Kirchoff´s laws. The magnetic field. Magnetic force and its consequences. Magnetic field and induction. Maxwell´s laws. The electromagnetic field. Bioelectrical potentials.

7. LIGHT AND OPTICS. Light-matter interaction. Polarization. Geometric optics. Physical optics. Optical instrumentations and microscopes. How the human eye works. Dosimetry.

## Bibliography

Alan Giambattista, Betty McCarthy Richardson, Robert C. Richardson- FISICA GENERALE Principi ed Applicazioni- McGraw-Hill edizioni

As alternative: any General Physics Book

Teacher's slides

## Teaching methods

oral lesson in classroom

## Assessment methods and criteria

Written examination with the purpose of ascertaining whether the student knows and understands basic elements of Physics prerequisite to other disciplines such as chemistry, biochemistry, physiology, biomechanics, etc, and knows and understands the theoretical fundamentals of basic research and in diagnostic practice

## Other information

Students will be received after agreement via telephone (0521-905293) or e-mail: aba.losi@fis.unipr.it