SKELETAL-MUSCLE SYSTEM , ANTHROPOMETRY AND POSTURAL ASSESSMENT-PART A
cod. 1005365

Academic year 2014/15
1° year of course - Second semester
Professor
GOBBI Giuliana
Academic discipline
Anatomia umana (BIO/16)
Field
Biologico
Type of training activity
Characterising
35 hours
of face-to-face activities
5 credits
hub: -
course unit
in - - -

Integrated course unit module: HUMAN ANATOMY, ANTROPOMETRY, POSTURAL ASSESSMENT

Learning objectives

Knowledge and understanding
The course aims to provide students with the fundamental knowledge of the anatomy of the musculoskeletal system and control of motor systems, as well as the fundamentals of posture and the principles of anthropometry

Applying knowledge and understanding
The fundamental knowledge of the anatomy of the musculoskeletal system and control of motor systems, as well as the fundamentals of posture and the principles of anthropometry are applied to physical education

Making judgements
Students must be able to sustain a discussion with elements of human anatomy and evaluate a subject's posture

Communication skills
the student must possess sufficient technical language in anatomy and posture

Learning skills
the student must be able to read a simple scientific text with anatomical content

Prerequisites

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Course unit content

Muscolo-skeletal System:
Classification of bones, joints and muscles.
Axial and Appendicular components of the skeletal system:
Axial components:
Bones of the skull, Temporo-mandibular joint, muscles of the head and neck and their innervation.
Spine; Anatomy of vertebrae, intervertebral Joints; muscles of the spine, thoracic cage; Ribs and costal cartilages; Sternum; costo-vertebral Joints; respiratory muscles.
Appendicular Component:
Pectoral Girdle: Clavicle; Scapula; sterno-clavicular articulation; shoulder girdle muscles and their innervation.
Upper limb: homerous; joints of the shoulder; muscles that move the arm; radio and ulna; bones of the hand; elbow joints; Wrist and hand joints and the muscles that move the forearm and the hand. The brachial plexus and its nerves.
Pelvis: hip; Joints of the pelvis; muscles of the pelvic floor.
Leg: Femur; coxo-femoral joint; thigh muscles; Tibia and fibula; The knee; foot Bones; Leg muscles, muscles of the foot; The lumbo-sacral plexus and its nerves.
Applications of diagnostic imaging to the muscolo-skeletal system.

Anthropometry applied to physical activities and sports: Anthropometric measures and BMI in adults and in children, reference values, the body composition (fat mass and fat free mass); anthropometric techniques.

The biomechanical model of muscle. Contractile unit (sarcomere); muscle shortening velocity, strength, flexibility; muscle spindles; muscle tone and its applications.
The mono-, bi- and poly-articular muscles; the role of muscle fixation; external load and internal load.
Muscle contraction: isotonic, isokinetic, isometric, concentric and eccentric.
Multifactorial aspect of the force.

Full programme

Muscolo-skeletal System:
Classification of bones, joints and muscles.
Axial and Appendicular components of the skeletal system:
Axial components:
Bones of the skull, Temporo-mandibular joint, muscles of the head and neck and their innervation.
Spine; Anatomy of vertebrae, intervertebral Joints; muscles of the spine, thoracic cage; Ribs and costal cartilages; Sternum; costo-vertebral Joints; respiratory muscles.
Appendicular Component:
Pectoral Girdle: Clavicle; Scapula; sterno-clavicular articulation; shoulder girdle muscles and their innervation.
Upper limb: homerous; joints of the shoulder; muscles that move the arm; radio and ulna; bones of the hand; elbow joints; Wrist and hand joints and the muscles that move the forearm and the hand. The brachial plexus and its nerves.
Pelvis: hip; Joints of the pelvis; muscles of the pelvic floor.
Leg: Femur; coxo-femoral joint; thigh muscles; Tibia and fibula; The knee; foot Bones; Leg muscles, muscles of the foot; The lumbo-sacral plexus and its nerves.
Applications of diagnostic imaging to the muscolo-skeletal system.

Anthropometry applied to physical activities and sports: Anthropometric measures and BMI in adults and in children, reference values, the body composition (fat mass and fat free mass); anthropometric techniques.

The biomechanical model of muscle. Contractile unit (sarcomere); muscle shortening velocity, strength, flexibility; muscle spindles; muscle tone and its applications.
The mono-, bi- and poly-articular muscles; the role of muscle fixation; external load and internal load.
Muscle contraction: isotonic, isokinetic, isometric, concentric and eccentric.
Multifactorial aspect of the force.

Bibliography

Anatomia Umana (Martini et al.) 5° ed, EdiSES;
Trattato di Anatomia Umana, Apparato Locomotore (Anastasi et al.) Ed. Edi-Ermes;
Valutazione antropometrica in clinica, riabilitazione e sport (Cagnazzo F. e Cagnazzo R.) Ed. Edi-Ermes;
Anatomia del movimento e abilità atletica (Wirhed R.) Ed. Edi-Ermes;
L'allenamento ottimale (Weineck j) Ed. Calzetti Mariucci

Teaching methods

class lectures and laboratory

Assessment methods and criteria

Oral examination, which is focused on the anatomy of
the muscoloskeletal system, anthropometry and posture

Other information

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