cod. 1004890

Academic year 2011/12
2° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Chimica organica (CHIM/06)
Discipline chimiche
Type of training activity
72 hours
of face-to-face activities
9 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in - - -

Learning objectives

To acquire knowledge of the structure and reactivity of organic molecules, with
particular attention to the biological substances. To acquire knowledge on
classification and nomenclature of the organic compounds by the identification of
their functional groups and , through these, on their reactivity. To learn the concepts
of isomerism, conformation and stereochemistry of organic molecules and of their
consequences in biological systems. To learn the principal concepts characterizing
the reactivity of organic compounds in radicalic, electophilic and nucleophilic
reactions. To know the functional groups and properties of some important classes
of biological compounds, such as carbohydrates, triglycerides and amino acids.
To describe the biopolymers of fundamental importance in biological systems:
polisaccharides, peptides, nucleic acids, and their chemical features, their biological
role and fundamentals about chemical synthesis of these molecules.
To acquire experience on the principal laboratory techniques for the purification and
modification of organic compounds.


General and Inorganic Chemistry

Course unit content

Organic Chemistry

1-The covalent bond and the shape of molecules. Electronic structure-of atoms;
bonds and intermolecular forces; composition, structure and formula of the organic
molecules; structural isomers, resonance. Orbitals of the carbon atom in saturated
and unsaturated compounds.
2-Alkanes. Structure, nomenclature, conformations. Reactivity: formation and
stabilitiy of radicals in halogenation reactions.
3-Cycloalkanes. Ring strain, boat and chair conformations of cyclohexane and in
substituted cyclohexanes.
4-Stereochemistry. Conformational and configurational isomers; chirality, optical
activity, realitve and absolute configurations; classification and separation of
stereoisomers; role of chirality in biological systems and in teechnological
5-Alkenes. Cis/trans isomerism. Hydrogenation. Reactivity towards electrophiles.
Examples of polymerization. Dienes: classification. Conjugated dienes: chemical
and electronic properties.
4-Alkynes. Structure and nomenclature.
5-Aromatic compunds. Definition of aromaticità. Hückel’s rules. Schematic
description of aromatic electrophilic substitution.
6-Haloalkanes. Structure and reactivity. General scheme for the nomenclature of
functional groups. Substitution and elimination reactions, mono- and bimolecular.
Reaction mechanisms
7-Alcohols. Structure, nomenclature. Chemical properties: acidity, nucelophilicity.
Substitution and elimination reactions on alcohols . Structure and reactivity of
ethers, epoxides, thiols and thioethers. Examples of natural products containing
these functional groups.
8-Aldehydes and kentones . General structure; resonance formulae of the carbonyl
group. Reactions of addition of nucleophilic species (reversible and
irreversible).Oxidation and reduction. Keto-enol tautomerism. Alpha hydrogen
9- Introdiction to the chemistry of carbohydrates. Calssification of carbohydrates.
Monosaccharides and their properties. Glycosides. Mutarotation; disaccharides,
oligosaccharides and polysaccharides
10- Carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Structure and nomenclature.. Acidity of
carboxylic acids. Nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction. Order of reactivity.
Structure and reactivity of acyl chlorides, anhydrides, esters, amides. Structure of
triglycerides. Basic hydrolysis.
Bioorganic Chemistry

1-Amines and amino acids. acid-base properties and reactivity.
2-Peptides and proteins. Chemical structure, physical properties and reactivity.
Introduction to peptide synthesis. Protecting groups.
3-Nucleosides and nucleotides. Structure, physical properties and reactivity.
Introduction to DNA synthesis. Biological and biomedical use of nucleosides and
Practical part.
Tutorials: written exercises concerning fundamental concepts will be proposed, to
help the students to practise with notations and tools of Organic Chemistry
(structural formulae, resonance structures, conformation and stereochemical
aspects); through the discussion of cases of increasing diffculty. The discussion of
exercises will help to clarify, with examples, the topics exposed in the frontal

Laboratory Practice.
Introduction to the laboratori safety probelms; risks connected with the use of
chemicals and parameters describing hazards and risks.
Practical experiences:
1) Liquid-liquid exctraction of a compound using acid-base aquilibria . Melting point
determination. Qualitative anaysis using thin layer chromatography (TLC).
2)Puification of alcohols using distillation. Quantitative analysis of purity by gaschromatography.
3)Synthesis of an ester and properties of carbohydrates.
The most common techniques for the separation and identification of organic
compounds will be illustrated.

Full programme;sort=DEFAULT;search={docente}%20%3d~%20%2f\brcorradini\b%2f;hits=4


• P.Y. Bruice “Chimica Organica” EdiSES (2005).
• J. McMurry “Chimica Organica” 7 Edizione. Piccin 2008.
• W.H. Brown – C.S.Foote – B.L.Iverson E.V. Anslyn “Chimica Organica” IV Edizione
EdiSES (2009)
• K. Peter, C. Vollhardt, N.E. Schore “Chimica Organica” 3 Edizione. Zanichelli
Copies of the lectures available at the course web site.
Laboratory Practice
W.H. Brown, B. L. Iverson, S. A. Iverson: “Guida alla soluzione dei problemi di
Chimica Organica” Edi Ses.
R.M. Roberts, J.C. Gilbert, S.F. Martin : " Chimica Organica Sperimentale"
Zanichelli Editore .
Copies of the lectures available at the course web site.

Teaching methods

Frontal lectures and practical laboratory experiences

Assessment methods and criteria

Written and oral examination + written laboratory workbook

Other information

Contains a part dedicated to Laboratory experiences