GEOMATERIALS FOR SUSTAINABILITY
cod. 1012263

Academic year 2024/25
1° year of course - First semester
Professor
Sabrina NAZZARENI
Academic discipline
Mineralogia (GEO/06)
Field
Attività formative affini o integrative
Type of training activity
Related/supplementary
48 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ENGLISH

Learning objectives

The course aims to enhance the students knowledge and understanding on geomaterials for sustainable technologies. To be able of understanding the geomaterials function to design new materials.
The course aims to improve the communication and learning skills of the students on the field of geomaterials and sustainability subject of the course

Prerequisites

basic knowledge of inorganic chemistry, physics and mineralogy

Course unit content

Definition of geomaterials. Nature as a proxy for sustainable materials.
Applications of natural minerals-based functional materials in advanced energy conversion/storage, such as (photo)electrochemical water splitting, batteries, thermal energy storage, and supercapacitors 
Applications of natural minerals-based functional materials in environmental remediation, such as advanced oxidation processes, adsorption, and filtration 

Full programme

PYROCHLORES as prototypes of materials with a wide variety of technologically important functional properties. They have the ability to incorporate REE and possess fluorescence and phosphorescence properties with potential optical applications, the presence of defects and vacations can change its conductivity, may be materials capable of incorporating nuclear waste actinides, and have interesting dielectric properties
GARNET is an important material for technical issues, e.g. the well-known yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG)-Laser, and now finds new applications, e.g. in the field of energy storage. Although the chemical composition varies considerably all garnets have the same crystal structure in common. For example, lithium oxide garnet has recently been identified as a promising material in the field of energy storage, (e.g. in lithium-ion batteries)
PEROVSKITES are characterized by a structure that when changing the chemical composition change physical properties such as ferroelectricity, magnetic properties, themoelectric property making them suitable for energy conversion applications.
SPINEL. Synthetic analogues of spinel are used in the fields of photovoltaic, piezoelectric, catalysis, batteries and thermoelectric
NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS. nanostructured catalytic materials based on metallic oxides (Fe, Ni, Al, Zn, Ti) for energy storage, magnetic nanostructured materials from microbial reduction of iron minerals.
Acid mine drainage (AMD) origin, prevention and remediation
BIOMINERALIZATION for environmental remediation and as resource.

Bibliography

scientific papers and teacher's lessons notes

Teaching methods

lessons

Assessment methods and criteria

written and oral exams

Other information

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