Objectives with reference to the Dublin parameters:
1) Knowledge and comprehension skills. The students will have to reach a good knowledge of (i) the stress concept, (ii) its neuroendocrine bases, (iii) the adaptive and maladaptive potential of stress response, and (iv) its possible pathophysiological implications.
2) Capacity of applying knowledge and comprehension. The students will have to be able to make use of the concepts they have learned in order to (i) design the most appropriate experimental paradigms for human and animal studies, (ii) identify and measure the physiological parameters that better allow to discriminate between an adaptive and a maladaptive stress response.
3) Capacity of independent evaluation. The students will have to develop critical and independent evaluation skills upon the stress concept, the most reliable stress markers, and the individual differences in stress resilience and vulnerability.
4) Communication skills. The students will have to be able to communicate in a non ambiguous manner the main concepts, the theoretical bases and the physiological and pathophysiological aspects that characerize stress and stress-related pathologies.
5) Learning capacity. The students will have to be able to learn experimental approaches and procedures for the investigation of the stress response and its potential pathophysiological implications.