DESIGN OF STRUCTURES
cod. 1008287

Academic year 2019/20
1° year of course - Annual
Professor
BERNARDI Patrizia
Academic discipline
Tecnica delle costruzioni (ICAR/09)
Field
"analisi e progettazione strutturale dell'architettura"
Type of training activity
Characterising
40 hours
of face-to-face activities
4 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ITALIAN

Learning objectives


Aim of the course is to provide the fundamentals for the design of structures. An overall overview of the design strategies for structural and non-structural components and their interaction will be provided.
In order to develop a proper skill concerning structural fundamentals, by the end of the course the student should be able:

- to know the fundamentals concerning structural materials mechanical behaviour, actions on structures and environment influences, conceptual design and dimensioning criteria for buildings (knowledge and understanding skill);

- to conceive architectural projects based on realistic structural configurations according to the chosen material; to detect structural elements and to perform a proper dimensioning (applying knowledge and understanding);

- to govern the procedure adopted in current design practice. A constant link between the theoretical fundamentals and the practical applications will be perceived during the course. This constant link will serve to guide the student to realise architectonic designs based on the background knowledge of material behaviour, conceptual design and dimensioning criteria (Making judgements);

- to show enhanced communication skill thanks to the confidence gained through a constant connection between theoretical knowledge and applications to a real case study. Public speaking capabilities will be checked during the course to improve the use of the technical terminology currently used in the design practice (Communication skills);

- to govern the fundamental steps of the design of structure. The reviews of the assigned project, realised by students during lessons, will provide the measure to quantify and to check the ability of student learning (Learning skills)

Prerequisites


The preparatory exam of Structural Analysis or Structural Engineering is strongly recommended.

Course unit content


The course treats the fundamentals for the design of structures. Conceptual design and dimensioning criteria will be described to provide the foundation for an overall understanding of the design of structures. To this aim, the theoretical background and the code rules for the design of reinforced concrete, steel, masonry and wood structures, will be explained.
Therefore, for each material, the mechanical behaviour, the most frequently static schemes assumed for buildings and the detailing rules for members and for connections will be described.
Referring to the different building configurations, usually adopted in practice, the corresponding structural typologies will be explained. For each structural typology the role played by structural and non-structural members will be shown.
Finally, the student should be able to evaluate the best protection of buildings against vertical and horizontal actions. To this aim static and dynamic actions, considered for the verification of structures, will be explained and the principles of limit state design will be provided according to partial factor method.

Full programme


- Principles of limit state design. Actions on structures. General criteria and code requirements for the design and the safety assessment of structures.
-Response of buildings subjected to imposed actions. The Basic Structural Systems: vertical Lateral Resistance Systems and horizontal Resistance System. Optimization of the Structural/Architectural configuration.
Structural systems for buildings: frame systems, wall systems, core systems and braced systems.
Regular and irregular configurations.
- Design of reinforced concrete structures:
material properties,
structural response,
structural elements, secondary elements and non-structural elements and their interaction,
dimensioning rules,
detailing rules.
- Design of precast and prestressed reinforced concrete structures:
material and product properties,
structural response,
structural elements, secondary elements and non-structural elements and their interaction,
dimensioning rules,
detailing rules.
- Design of masonry structures:
material properties,
structural response,
structural elements, secondary elements and non-structural elements and their interaction,
dimensioning rules,
detailing rules.
- Design of timber structures:
material properties,
structural response,
structural elements, secondary elements and non-structural elements and their interaction,
dimensioning rules,
detailing rules.

Bibliography


- FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency), “Designing for Earthquakes: A Manual for Architects”, FEMA 454, 2006, free download at the link: https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1556-20490-5679/fema454_complete.pdf.
- Levy, M., Salvadori, M., “Why buildings fall down: how structures fail”, W.W: Norton Eds., 2002.
- Torroja, E., “La concezione strutturale. Logica ed intuito nella ideazione delle forme”, CittàStudi Edizioni, 1995.
- Salvadori, M., Heller, R., “Le strutture in Architettura”, Etas Libri, 1992.

The teaching material, notes, slides and additional documentation will be available via the portal “Elly DIA” (https://elly.dia.unipr.it).

Teaching methods


The course timetable alternates lessons (where the theoretical fundamentals are explained) and practical exercises (where the assigned structure is designed).
During practical exercises, the students should apply the theoretical contents of the course. The connection between the topics treated by the other teachers of the LP4 Architectural and Urban Design Studio for the Sustainable City will be continuously monitored (please refer also to the sheet of LP4 Architectural and Urban Design Studio for the Sustainable City + Workshop).
All the adopted slides will be weekly uploaded to Elly platform. For the slide download the student needs to register to the online course. The slides must be considered part of the teaching material.

The teacher is available for further explanations by appointment via mail.
The attendance to lessons and to exercises is requested for this course.

Assessment methods and criteria


ore information about the adopted methodology to check the learning skill acquired by students can be found in the sheet of LP4 Architectural and Urban Design Studio for the Sustainable City.
The examination of the course module of “Design of structures” consists in an oral discussion with the teacher.
The oral examination will deal with:
- a technical conversation with the teacher, where the student should demonstrate to be able of independently affording a structural design problem and of applying the acquired structural knowledge;
- a critical discussion focused on the presentation of the design assigned and developed within the LP4 design studio.

The colloquium is evaluated between 0-30.
The achieved vote will contribute to the final result of the LP4 Architectural and Urban Design Studio according to the course credits.
Please note that the ONLINE registration to the exam date is mandatory.

Other information


Come per tutti i laboratori, è obbligatoria la frequenza.