cod. 00148

Academic year 2014/15
2° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Chimica organica (CHIM/06)
Discipline chimiche
Type of training activity
47 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in - - -

Learning objectives

The program's goal is to give to the student the basic instruments to rationally
understand the fundamental processes of the organic and applied Chemistry even
in connection with the sustainable development.


Exam of General and Inorganic Chemistry

Course unit content

The students will be first introduced to the basic theories of VSEPR and of the
valence bond for the description of organic molecules. Some basic concepts of
chemical thermodynamics and kinetics will be also reminded with particular
attention to 1st and 2nd order reactions, to chemical catalysis and to competitive
reactions. The concepts of nucleophile and electrophile will be compared with those
of Brønsted-Lowry and Lewis acid and base. The concepts of organic
stereochemistry will be described together with the stereochemical nomenclature
and properties of the stereoisomers with particular attention to biological and
pharmaceutical world.
A systematic survey of the structure, properties and reactivity of organic molecules,
divided by functional groups, will be undertaken. In particular this analysis will
include the following classes of organic compounds: Alkanes snd Cycloalkanes;
Alkenes and Alkynes; Alkyl halides; Alcohols, Ethers and Thiols; Benzenes and
Aromatic compounds; Amines; Ketones and Aldehydes; Carboxylic acids and their

Full programme

Summary of the fundamental physico-chemical notions about thermochemistry,
thermodinamic and kinetic. Soft interactions. Covalent bond. Atomic electronic
configuration. Lewis structure. Ionic bond. Electronic structure and molecular shape.
sp3, sp2 and sp orbitals. Functional groups. Acids and bases. Bronsted-Lowry
theory. Lewis theory. Acid-base equilibrium. Alkanes and cycloalkanes. Isomeric
structures. Nomenclature. IUPAC system. Conformations. Physical properties.
Reactions. Alkenes. Structure. cis-trans and E-Z systems. Preparation. Natural
alkenes. Reactions. Alkynes. Structure. Nomenclature. Physical properties.
Preparation. Reactions. Dienes. Structure. Electrophilic addition. 1,2- and 1,4-
addition. Chyrality. Enantiomer classification. Fisher structure. Optical activity- R,S system. Enantiomers and diastereoisomers. Mesocompounds.
Resolution. Alcohols. structure. Nomenclature. Physical properties.
Preparation. Reactions. Alkyl halides. Structure. Nomenclature. Preparation.
Reactions with acids and nucleophyles. Nucleophylic substitution. SN1 and SN2.
Conversion of alcohols into alkyl halides. Substitution-Elimination reactions. Ethers
and epoxides. Structure. Preparation. Reactions. Aromatic compounds. Structure.
Aromaticity. Nomenclature. Electrophylic and nucleophylic aromatic substitution.
Aromatics preparation. Aldehydes and ketones. Structure and nomenclature.
preparation. Reactions. Carboxylic acids structure. Nomenclature. Acidity.
Preparation. Reactions. Acid derivatives. Idrolysys and reactions in general. Enolate
anions. Production. Aldol reactions. Malonic abd acetoacetic synthesis. Amines.
Structure and classification. Basicity. Preparation and reactions.


W. H. Brown “Introduction to the Organic Chemistry” EDISES

Teaching methods

Oral lesson

Assessment methods and criteria

Oral examination

Other information

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