cod. 05319

Academic year 2023/24
1° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Fisiologia (BIO/09)
Scienze biomediche
Type of training activity
16 hours
of face-to-face activities
2 credits
hub: -
course unit

Integrated course unit module: HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Learning objectives

To provide the principal notions of the functional properties of the nervous system and of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.


Basic notions of physic, chemistry and biology.

Course unit content

The course addresses basic notions of cardiovascular, respiratory, and of kidney physiology.

Full programme

1) Physiology of the cardiovascular system:
- Miocardial properties: rhythm, conduction, excitability, contraction.
- Heart electrophysiology. Ionic theories of resting and action potentials.
- Electrocardiogram.
- Heart mechanics and the cardiac cycle.
- Cardiac output.
- Intrinsic and extrinsic regulation of heart activity.
- The vascular system.
- Blood pressure
2) Physiology of the respiratory apparatus:
- Chest and respiration muscles.
- Lung volumes and capacities.
- Mechanics of breathing.
- Blood-tissue gas exchange in the lung and in peripheral tissues.
- Blood transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide.

3) The membrane potential, the action potential, the synapse, the anatomo-functional organization of the central and peripheral nervous system.

4) physiology of the kidney: structure of the kidney and nephron; functioning of the nephron; the processes of regulating homeostasis, filtration, reabsorption, secretion and excretion; passive and active transport; reabsorption of sodium and glucose; notes on the renin angiotensin system.


Edra editore.
A cura di Linda Costanzo

Fondamenti Fisiologia dell’Uomo. Edi-Ermes.

Stanfield - Fisiologia. Edi SES

Vander - Fisiologia. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

Teaching methods

Frontal lectures with audio-visual material.

Assessment methods and criteria

Oral examination.

Other information

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