cod. 06213

Academic year 2023/24
2° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Fisica tecnica industriale (ING-IND/10)
Ingegneria meccanica
Type of training activity
48 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
course unit

Learning objectives

The course aims to provide the basic concepts for the exergy and thermoeconomic analysis of systems, both by providing the fundamental elements of energy efficiency based on the second law of thermodynamics and through the study of energy conversion processes.
Knowledge and ability to understand:
At the end of the course, the student will be familiar with the principles underlying energy analysis.
The student will be able to perform energy analysis of energy use and conversion problems.
Autonomy of judgment:
At the end of the learning process, the student will have acquired tools to critically interpret energy processes.

Communication skills:
The student must possess the ability to diagram the problem, presenting the details of the physical phenomenon and the results of the analysis in a clear and linguistically appropriate manner.


To follow the course successfully requires knowledge of the contents of the courses of Applied Physics

Course unit content

Exergy analysis. Thermoeconomic analysis. Global energy system. Fossil fuels. Electric power. Nuclear energy. Solar energy. Hydraulic, wind, and geothermal energy. Waste energy. Cogeneration and combined cycles. Energy systems for buildings. Hydrogen.

Full programme

Climate change, caused by the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, has led us into a new era where rising heatwaves, prolonged drought periods, and more frequent floods are causing loss of human lives, biodiversity, and infrastructure. The energy system, responsible for three-quarters of global greenhouse gas emissions, can no longer solely focus on increasing efficiency and short-term cost reduction. We need to transition towards a new energy paradigm, where decarbonization plays a crucial role in reducing emissions of all greenhouse gases.
In this course, we first present depletable primary energy sources that have characterized the industrial age, emphasizing the driving forces behind transitions between different sources. Then, we describe traditional and modern renewable energy sources from the perspective of their potential contribution to a sustainable energy system transition. Finally, we discuss the strategies and technologies necessary to decarbonize the current energy system, justifying the primary role that excess electricity generation beyond current needs and the non-secondary role of hydrogen should play


“Verso una nuova energetica. Dalle fonti esauribili alla decarbonizzazione” di Gianni Comini, Michele Libralato.

“Energetica generale” di Gianni Comini, Giulio Croce e Stefano Savino

Teaching methods

Lectures and classroom exercises.

Assessment methods and criteria

The exam consists of a test with two open-ended questions on the main topics covered in the course. For attending students, there is an optional year-long project that, if deemed satisfactory, will provide a bonus of 5 points to the grade obtained in the written exam.

Other information

Students participating in the "Racing Team" will have the opportunity to define specific paths with the instructor, subject to agreement with the team. Further information is available at