GENERAL HYGIENE
cod. PR1008491

Academic year 2022/23
1° year of course - Second semester
Professor
- Maria Luisa TANZI
Academic discipline
Igiene generale e applicata (MED/42)
Field
Scienze propedeutiche
Type of training activity
Basic
30 hours
of face-to-face activities
3 credits
hub:
course unit
in

Integrated course unit module: HEALTH PROMOTION

Learning objectives

To provide the student with the knowledge related to the different
aspects of hygiene in the professional context. To provide means and a
methodology for self-learning .
To enable the student to achieve an independent capacity of assessment
connected to the specific profession and to acquire communicative
competences both with specialists and patients

Prerequisites

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Course unit content

Definition of Health and Determinants of health and disease ( The epidemiological method; epidemiological measures; epidemiological studies)
General epidemiology of communicable diseases
-- Reservoir and Source of the infection
---Modes of transmission
Some epidemiological aspects of non-communicable diseases
The levels of prevention (Primary, Secondary,Tertiary and Quaternary)
General Prevention of communicable diseases
-- Notification
--Diagnostic assessment
---Isolation and quarantine
-- Disinfection/sterilization
-- Asepsis
-- Antisepsis
-- Active immunization
--Passive immunization
General Prevention of non-communicable diseases
The methodology of screening
-Highlights in communicable disease prevention
TBC, Influenza, bacterial meningitis and measles
Hepatitis A Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV-AIDS,HPV
Highlights in non-communicable disease prevention
Cancer disease , Diabetes , Cardiovascular disease
Environmental Hygiene
- Food and water-borne disease
Water as a vehicle of infection (pollution and disinfection)
-Healthcare associated infections and environmental opportunistic
pathogens

Full programme

Definition of Health and Determinants of health and disease
THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL METHOD
Definition of epidemiology - the main epidemiological measures: proportions and rates,
prevalence and incidence, relative risk, odds ratio, studies
epidemiological (Observational and Experimental)
General epidemiology of communicable diseases
-- Reservoir and Source of the infection
---Modes of transmission
Some epidemiological aspects of non-communicable diseases
The levels of prevention (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternaly)
General Prevention of communicable diseases
-- Notification
--Diagnostic assessment
---Isolation and quarantine
-- Disinfection/sterilization
-- Asepsis
-- Antisepsis
-- Active immunization ( vaccines)-Vaccinations
compulsory childhood and groups of workers; recommended vaccinations for young people, adults and the elderly
--Passive immunization (Immunoglobulins-IgG)
--Chemoprophylaxis
GENERAL PREVENCTION of NON-COMUNICABLE DISEASES
The methodology of screening
SPECIAL PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES (with hints of etiology,
epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical):
TBC, Influenza,bacrerial meningitides(meningococcus, pneumococcus, hemophilus influenzae type B)
and measles
Hepatitis A Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV-AIDS,HPV
Highlights in non-communicable disease prevention
Cancer disease , Diabetes , Cardiovascular disease
Environmental Hygiene
Food and water-borne disease
Water as a vehicle of infection (pollution and disinfection)
-Healthcare associated infections and environmental opportunistic
pathogens

Bibliography

Signorelli C. Igiene e Sanità Pubblica.
Per scienze infermieristiche e altre professioni sanitarie
Società Editrice Universo, Roma, 2017

Teaching methods

Frontal and interactive lessons with the use of informatic tools.

Assessment methods and criteria

Written exam in which the knowledge, skills and abilities acquired during the course will be evaluated. The test consists of 31 multiple choice questions.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely (by Teams and Elly).
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Other information

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