cod. 20489

Academic year 2023/24
2° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Anatomia patologica (MED/08)
Scienze e tecniche di laboratorio biomedico
Type of training activity
28 hours
of face-to-face activities
4 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Integrated course unit module: PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY I

Learning objectives

This course will be mainly focused on the morphologic and molecular techniques applied to the study of pathologic cells and tissues, crucial to provide the pathologist with the best-quality cyto-histologic samples, equipped with all the additional informations necessary to reach the most accurate diagnosis.

This course will lead the students to develop knowledge and understanding of the basic principles for the correct handling and processing of histologic and cytologic samples. Moreover, thorough knowledge and understanding of the basis of the morphologic, histochemical, immunohistochemical, ultrastructural and molecular biology techniques ancillary to pathologic diagnosis will be reached. Training periods in the histopathology laboratories will allow the students to practically apply the acquired theoretical knowledge.
The students will also acquire:
- knowledge of the specific measures for safety and prevention, that will make them able to work in the Pathologic Anatomy laboratories in a mindful way, without causing damage to themselves, to collegues and to the environment;
- the ability to analize in a critical way all the phases of the technical work, reaching a judgement-making capacity that will allow them to contribute to identify and solve possible technical troubles in the laboratory procedures;
- communication skills that will be of paramount importance to estabilish cooperation with collegues and with biologist and pathologists, in order to discuss technical results and propose critical evaluation of the procedures falling within their competence. This will help to improve the quality of the technical work carried out in the pathology laboratory, eventually contributing to improve the final product, i.e. the cyto-histopathologic diagnosis;
- learning skills that will allow them to self-sufficiently follow the evolution of the technological and instrumental progress in the pathology field, in order to understand and, in case, contribute to the introduction of new technical advances. This may be especially relevant for the molecular biology techniques that are becoming more and more essential in the field of oncologic diagnosis and therapy.


Knowledge of the basis of histology and having passed all the first year's exams

Course unit content

Being aware of the practical actions performed in an atomic pathology laboratory.

Full programme

Grading and staging of a tumor. The figure of pathologist, types of samples and examinations in anatomic pathology, sending samples to the pathology laboratory, processors, decalcification, gross sampling, fixation, inclusion, cutting, intraoperatory frozen sections, storage of histopathological slides and paraffin tissue blocks, police morgue regulations, cremation regulations, necroscopic visit, autopsy types, regular and special stainings, immunohistochemical bases. General diagnostic cytology and cytology applied to lung, bladder, and thyroid pathology. Muscle biopsy: recommendations, execution, processing, sectioning, relevant stains.
Theoretical bases and diagnostic techniques of anatomic pathology relevant to: urinary system, male genital apparatus, and head and neck district.


AA.VV. Anatomia Patologica: le basi. A cura di L. Ruco, A. Scarpa. UTET Scienze Mediche, Torino, 2007

Robbins Basic Pathology, 10th Edition

Rubin's Pathology, 7e Clinicopathologic Foundations of Medicine

PDF files of the Power Point slides presented during the course, published online on the web site (at the option of the teacher)

Teaching methods

The course will be based on frontal teaching: attendance to at least 70% of the classes will be mandatory. Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented.

Assessment methods and criteria

Achievement of learning outcomes will be verified by means of a final oral exam, whose score will be expressed in thirtieth; the minimal threshold to pass the exam will be 18/30, the best mark will be represented by 30/30 “cum laude”. By means of a series of questions touching a wide variety of topics treated during the course, the global level of knowledge and understanding of the theoretical and practical subjects, as well as the ability to logically think and connect related topics, will be verified.

Other information

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