cod. 1008680

Academic year 2022/23
2° year of course - Second semester
- Diego ARDISSINO - Giampaolo NICCOLI - Giovanna Maria PELA'
Academic discipline
Malattie dell'apparato cardiovascolare (MED/11)
Type of training activity
35 hours
of face-to-face activities
5 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Integrated course unit module: SPORTS MEDICINE, SPORT-THERAPY AND DOPING

Learning objectives

During the course the student will acquire specific knowledge for understanding the mechanisms through which physical exercise plays a fundamental role in health promotion and how it represents a highly effective tool in the prevention (primary and secondary) and treatment of the chronic degenerative diseases (Sport Therapy). He will know the preparticipation screening program in Italy for the eligibility in sports for the prevention of sudden death. Will know the causes of sudden death in sport and the role of ECG and echocardiographic examination to differentiate cardiac physiological adaptations from cardiac diseases


Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology and biochemistry

Course unit content

The Course will deal with:
1) Outline of cardiac anatomy and physiology
2) Physical exercise prescription in chronic degenerative diseases in particular in hypertension (EFA, Adapted Physical Exercise).
3) Cardiac adaptations to physical exercise: the athlete's heart.
4) Prepartecipation screening program for eligibility in sports to prevent sudden death
5) Sudden death in the athlete: role of ECG and echocardiographic examination in the differential diagnosis between physiology and cardiac pathology.

Full programme

1) Introduction to the course
2) Outline of cardiac anatomy and physiology
3) Diagnostic investigations in sport: ECG and echocardiographic examination
4) Physical exercise prescription in chronic degenerative diseases (EFA, Adapted Physical Exercise).
5) Arterial hypertension: definition, clinical classification of the hypertensive patient and sport therapy
6) Cardiac Adaptations to Exercise: Athlete's Heart.
7) Italian legislation in the sports activities, sports certification
8) The screening process for sports eligibility
9) Sudden death in the athlete


Recommended texts
1) Content of PDF lessons
2) Book "Argomenti di Medicina dello sport" Bonetti A., Editore MUPs of the lessons
3) Protocolli cardiologici per il giudizio di idoneità allo sport agonistico 2017. Casa Editrice Scientifica Internazionale Comitato organIzzatIvo CardIologiCo per l’IdoneItà allo SportANCE - ANMCO - FMSI - SIC - SIC Sport
4) Textbook of Sports and Exercise Cardiology. Axel Pressler Josef Niebauer Editors. Springer 2020
5) P. Zeppilli, V. Palmieri. Manuale di Medicina dello Sport e Pronto Soccorso. Ed. CESI.
6) D.R. Mottram: Farmaci e Sport. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.
7) C. Macchi, R. Molino Lova, F. Cecchi. Attività motoria, fitness e salute nell'adulto e nell'anziano. NME e SEE Ed. Firenze 2007.

Teaching methods

Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards,provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented. Supporting material will be avaible on the specific,student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations,audio-vido aids or video-recording of the lectures.

Assessment methods and criteria

Oral examination.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (

Other information