cod. 1008679

Academic year 2022/23
2° year of course - Second semester
Professor responsible for the course unit
integrated course unit
7 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Course unit structured in the following modules:

Learning objectives

During the course the student will know the cardiac diseases and the risk
factors for these diseases. The student will know the meaning of the
diagnostic tests in Cardiology.
The student will know the causes of sudden death in athletes.


To know the cardiovascular anatomy.
To know the cardiac physyiology

Course unit content

Anatomical and functional effects induced by physical activity.
Favorable and the negative effects of exercise in both healthy subjects .
Primary prevention with physical exercise.
Exercise therapy in the major chronic degenerative diseases (cardiovascular diseases, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, cancer, aging).
Sport therapy: type, intensity, duration and frequency in the each clinical situations.
Main contraindications to competitive sport.
General concepts on the principles of nutrition, hydration and integration in the sport and the effects of work in adverse environmental conditions.
Cardiac adaptations to physical exercise: Athlete's heart.
Sudden Death in athletes.
Diagnostic tests in cardiology: exercise stress test, echocardiography, cardiac MNR, computed tomography, cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography.

Full programme

-Cardiovascular physiology.
-Cardiovascular risk factors: smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia,
diabetes ... -Stratification of risk: European and Italian risk cards
Heart diseases: ischemic heart disease, cardiomyopathies, valvular heart
disease. heart failure
Cardiovascular Adaptation to physical exercise.
Sudden Death in athletes.
Diagnostic tests in Cardiology (ECG, etc.).


1) Notes provided by the teacher
2) Textbook "Argomenti di Medicina dello sport" Bonetti A., Editore MUP
3) P. Zeppilli, V. Palmieri. Manuale di Medicina dello Sport e Pronto Soccorso. Ed. CESI.
4. D.R. Mottram: Farmaci e Sport. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.
5. Protocolli cardiologici per il giudizio di idoneità allo sport agonistico 2017.
Casa Editrice Scientifica Internazionale
ComItato organIzzatIvo CardIologiCo per l’IdoneItà allo SportANCE - ANMCO - FMSI - SIC - SIC Sport
6. Textbook of Sports and Exercise Cardiology. Axel Pressler Josef Niebauer Editors. Springer 2020
7. C. Macchi, R. Molino Lova, F. Cecchi. Attività motoria, fitness e salute nell'adulto e nell'anziano. NME e SEE Ed. Firenze 2007.
8. . Lista WADA

Teaching methods

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Assessment methods and criteria

Oral examination.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be
conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for
students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (

Other information

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