The rock formation is the result of a series of processes related to extremely different conditions and environments. In all cases, the presence of fluids strongly affects any type of process (magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary). The aim of the course is to understand how to recognize, through microscopic observation and knowledge of the rock chemistry, the role of fluids in their formation.
At the end of the course, the student must be able to:
- understand the effect of the fluids on the genesis and evolution of a magmatic rock through its petrographic and mineralogical characteristics
- recognize the succession of reactions in a metamorphic rock through the graphic representation of the mineralogical associations
- understand if the mineralogical association of a metamorphic rock is controlled by the fluid or by the rock itself
- trace the conditions of rock formations through thermodynamic calculations
- reconstruct the diagenetic evolution of a sedimentary rock through microscope observation