The ore deposits are the product of a more or less complex series of geological events that led to the formation of useful mineral substances in a certain portion of the crust. To know the processes that give rise to the various types of ore deposits is essential to suggest the exploration and exploitation of mineral resources. The role of the geologist is to find ore bodies and natural enrichments of metals, but also to describe and evaluate the characteristics of ore deposits and the geological factors that control the extraction costs of a product. The main purpose of the course is to provide a better understanding of the geochemical, petrological, structural and sedimentological features which cause the formation of different types of ore deposits. The course also aims to highlight the importance of the geologist not only in the mining exploration but also in assessing the impact that both the mining and the processing phases have on the environment.
At the end of the course the student must be able to:
- know the formation processes of the various types of ore deposits
- know how to recognize these processes on the field
- perform the geological investigations indispensable in any mining exploration project
- assess the environmental impact due to the processes of mining and extraction of metals.