cod. 1005894

Academic year 2015/16
3° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Mineralogia (GEO/06)
A scelta dello studente
Type of training activity
Student's choice
42 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in - - -

Learning objectives

Learn the basics in preparation for the analysis of rocks and minerals of the techniques and applications of use in industrial and environmental


basics in mineralogy

Course unit content

You will learn the techniques of analysis of minerals in relation to the environment and other application areas; we will also illustrate the main issues concerning the world of cements, gems, ceramics, and medical mineralogy.

Full programme


Part I: methods for the analysis of minerals.

X. The diffraction in crystals, Laue and Bragg equations. Powder diffraction: principles and use (the identification of minerals). The diffractometer: Debye geometry and Bragg-Brentano. The Rietveld method and the quantitative analysis of minerals. Single crystal diffraction: the reciprocal lattice and the reflection sphere. Diffraction intensity and structure factor.

Electron microscopy and microanalysis: limits of optical microscopy and principles of transmission electron microscopy. Electron microprobe and fluorescence. ZAF corrections and analytical problems.

Spectroscopic methods: IR and Raman spectroscopy.

Part II: Environmental Mineralogy.

Applications of the techniques of analysis of minerals in issues relating to cement, gems and environment. Applications on planetary geology.

Exercises, in particular on Rietveld analysis, will be performed.


Wenk and Bulakh (2004) Minerals, their constitution and origin. Cambridge university press.

Teaching methods

Lessons and class demonstration

Assessment methods and criteria

oral test

Other information

Frequency recommended