The course aims to illustrate to students the basics of morphological and physiological functioning of the apparatus of the physiological and social life in humans.
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Course unit content
Introduction anatomy, section planes.
Skull bones (parietal, frontal, temporal, occipital, maxillary, mandibular, nasal bones, sphenoid, ethmoid); axial skeleton (rib cage, spine, and the structure of the vertebrae, shoulder blades, collarbones, pelvic bones); appendicular skeleton (humerus, radius, ulna, bones of the hand and wrist, femur, tibia, fibula, foot bones)
joints: classification (sinartrosi, anfiartrosi, diartrosi with related examples). temporomandibular joint, shoulder joint, hip joint.
muscles of the pharynx, larynx, external and internal intercostal, diaphragm, abdominal muscles.
heart (rooms, valves, pericardium); microscopic structure of arteries, veins and capillaries; major vessels of the arterial circulation of the chest, abdomen, upper and lower limb; main vessels of the venous thoracic, abdominal, upper limb and lower; pulmonary circulation; portal circulation; blood (composition, blood group and Rh factor).
Lymphatic system: primary organs (spleen and thymus), secondary (lymph nodes: structure and main localizations)
oral cavity and the major salivary glands, esophagus, stomach (location and microscopic structure), small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum; localization, microscopic structure and function), large intestine (cecum, colon, sigmoid and rectum; localization, microscopic structure , and function). Liver (location, structure and function of the liver lobule). Pancreas (localization, microscopic structure and function). Parietal and visceral peritoneum, large and small omentum, months (transverse mesocolon, sigmoid).
Respiratory system: upper airways (nasal cavity and was, choanae, pharynx, larynx, trachea). Bronchi and lungs (macro- and microscopic structure). Pleura.
Urinary system: kidneys (localization, nephron and its function, goblets minor, major, pelvis), ureters, bladder, urethra.
Genital apparatus: gonads and endocrine function, reproductive tract, accessory glands.
Central and peripheral nervous system: the brain (overview of the location and functions of the telencephalon, diencephalon, midbrain, hindbrain, bridge, myelencephalon and cerebellum) spinal cord reflex arc
Autonomic nervous system: notes on the function and structure of ganglia dell'orto- and parasympathetic. Cranial nerves (list). Functions of the vagus nerve and the trigeminal.
Endocrine System: Localization and functions of the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, adrenals