Course unit partition: PIACENZA

Academic year 2013/14
1° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Anatomia umana (BIO/16)
Ambito aggregato per crediti di sede
Type of training activity
30 hours
of face-to-face activities
3 credits
course unit
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Course unit partition: HUMAN ANATOMY

Learning objectives

Allow the student to know and understand, at a basic level, the mechanisms underlying the functioning of the body’s organs of vegetative life like the heart, lungs, kidneys, digestive system and temperature control, as well as those of social life such as the nervous and muscular systems. The course aims to enable the student to apply the knowledge and understanding gained in the future professional activity.


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Course unit content

The integrated course aims to illustrate to students the normal functioning of the human body and its organs and the main mechanisms underlying the maintenance of physiological conditions.

Full programme

Cell excitability: physiology of the neuron; physiology of synapses; neurotransmitters and neuromodulators; the neuromuscular junction; muscle contraction. Basic principles on the autonomic nervous system function.
Cardiovascular physiology: heart excitability; electromechanical coupling; basic of EKG; blood pressure; capillary pressure and peripheral exchange mechanisms; nervous regulation of heart rhythm.
Respiratory system physiology: breathing; the mechanical ventilation and the physical principles involved (elasticity and pressure gradients); pneumothorax; gas exchange in the lung and peripheral tissues; the transport of gas (hemoglobin); spirometry and respiratory volumes; nervous and chemical control of the breath; signs of obstructive respiratory disease.
Renal Physiology: structure of kidney and nephron; physiology of the nephron; processes of homeostasis, filtration, re-absorption, secretion and excretion; passive and active transport mechanisms; re-absorption of sodium and glucose; basic knowledge on the renin-angiotensin system.
Somatosensory system: principles of physiology of the sense organs; physiology of mechanoreceptors; organization of the somatosensory system; the dorsal and anterolateral ascending systems; hemisection of the spinal cord; somatotopic organization and sensory homunculus; epicritic sensibility; plasticity of the somatosensory systems.
Pain, nociception, placebo effect and empathy: classification of pain and its characteristics; nociceptors; nociceptive pathways (protopathic sensibility); nociception vs. pain and emotional component; phantom pain; placebo effect; concept of empathy.
Physiology of the digestive system: the structure of the digestive system, chewing, bolus formation and swallowing; digestion in the stomach; digestion and absorption in the small intestine; peristalsis; the liver and bile; pancreas and pancreatic juice; the large intestine and the formation of feces.


Physiology for Nursing Practice, SM Hinchliff, SE Montague, R Watson;
Vander Physiology, EP Widmaier, H Raff, KT Strang

Teaching methods

During the lectures will be presented and discussed the topics listed in the program seeking to involve the student so that it can be an active part of the lesson.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course includes an oral examination. By questions regarding the content of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and if it has reached the goal of applying the knowledge gained.

Other information

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