cod. 00722

Academic year 2012/13
1° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Mineralogia (GEO/06)
Discipline geologiche
Type of training activity
96 hours
of face-to-face activities
12 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in - - -

Learning objectives

Mineralogy is designed to provide a deep knowledge of the main rocks minerals,
includine physical and chemical proprieties, in order to acheive a clear identification
and classification.


The course Chemistry must have successfully completed.

Course unit content

Crystal Chemistry.
Physical Properties of Minerals

Full programme

Mineral science. Definition of mineral. Translational symmetry: onedimensional,
didimensional (plane lattice) and tridimensional order (space lattice). Symmetry
elements: rotation, reflection, inversion, rotation with inversion, rotation with
reflection, rotation with translation and reflection with translation. Space groups.
Crystal classes. Crystal sistems. Steno’s and Hauy’s laws. Miller indexing of faces
and edges. The stereographic projection.
Crystalchemistry. The main elements of the earth crust. Cation radius and
coordination polyedra. Pauling’s rules. Crystal structures of the main rocks minerals.
Isomorphism. Compositional variation in minerals. Recalculation of chemical
analyses..Phase diagrams of geological interest, with one, two. three components.
Systematic description of rock-forming silicates.
Physical properties of minerals and relation with the structure.
Optical microscopy. Nature of light. Isotropic and anisotropic crystals. The polarizing
microscope. The optical indicatrix and its orientation in the different crystal
systems. Determination of the refractive index with the Becke line. Absorption and
pleochroism. Interference colors. Extinction angle. Sign of elongation Observation of
interference figures with convergent light. Determination of optic sign. Optical
properties of important rock-forming minerals.


Bonatti S., Franzini M., Cristallografia mineralogica, BORINGHIERI, Torino.
Carobbi G., ( Mazzi F., Bernardini G.P.), Fondamenti di cristallografia e ottica
cristallografica, USES, Firenze.
Carobbi G., ( Cipriani, C., Garavelli C.), Cristallografia chimica e mineralogia
speciale, USES, Firenze.
Deer W.A., Howie R.A., Zussman J., Introduzione ai Minerali che costituiscono le
Rocce, ZANICHELLI, Bologna..
Klein C., 2004. Mineralogia, Zanichelli, Bologna.
Mottana A., Crespi R., Liborio G., Minerali e rocce, MONDADORI, Milano

Teaching methods

Lessons and drill-lessons.

Assessment methods and criteria

Individual oral examination

Other information

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