APPLIED MEDICAL TECHNICAL SCIENCES
cod. 15470

Academic year 2022/23
1° year of course - Second semester
Professor
- Stefania PIAGGI
Academic discipline
Scienze tecniche mediche applicate (MED/50)
Field
"scienze dell'ortottica e dell'assistenza di oftalmologia"
Type of training activity
Characterising
7 hours
of face-to-face activities
1 credits
hub: -
course unit
in ITALIAN

Integrated course unit module: EYE MOTILITY AND BINOCULAR VISION

Learning objectives

The student is expected to acquire full knowledge of the basic mechanisms of extrinsic ocular motility and the anatomophysiological bases of binocular vision

Prerequisites

No

Course unit content

THE EYE: ITS SURFACES, AXES, MOVEMENTS AROUND THE SAME. THE LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS: THE ORBIT, OCULOMOTOR MUSCLES, SUPPORT APPARATUS, SUPRANUCLEAR CENTRES OF OCULOMOTRICITY, OCULOMOTOR NERVES. THE ACTIONS OF THE OCULAR MUSCLES. AGONIST AND ANTAGONIST MUSCLES. THE LAWS OF OCULAR MOTILITY: SHERRINGTON’S LAW OF RECIPROCAL INNERVATION, HERING’S LAW OF EQUAL INNERVATION. OCULAR MOVEMENTS: DUCTIONS, VERSONS (VOLUNTARY, STATIC, STATIC-KINETIC, OPTICAL-KINETIC) VERGENCES. MONOCULAR (TONIC, ACCOMODATIVE, PROXIMAL) AND BINOCULAR (FUSIONAL) VERGENCES. DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF OCULAR MOVEMENTS (SACCADIC MOVEMENTS, PURSUIT MOVEMENTS). OCULAR FIXATION. SUPRANUCLEAR CONTROL OF EXTRINSIC OCULAR MOTILITY. ANATOMICAL BASES OF BINOCULAR VISION: MONOCULAR AND BINOCULAR VISUAL FIELD. OPTICAL PATHWAYS AND CHIASMATIC DECUSSATION. VISUAL CORTEX. PHYSIOLOGICAL BASES OF BINOCULAR VISION: PHOTORECEPTOR LOCAL SIGN. OCULOCENTRIC (OR RELATIVE) AND ECOCENTRIC (OR ABSOLUTE) LOCALISATION . THE CONCEPT OF CORRESPONDING RETINAL POINTS

Full programme

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Bibliography

Burian - von Noorden: Binocular Vision and Ocular motility

Teaching methods

During the lectures will be illustrated and discussed the content of the course.
The course will be supported by tutorials, in order to provide the opportunity for each student to be able to measure in various clinical situations with the practical use of the main diagnostic tools discussed in a theoretical way during lectures. Depending on the progress of the pandemic, it may be necessary to conduct distance learning through the use of Microsoft Teams.

Assessment methods and criteria

Oral examination.
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives set by the course includes a partial written test.
Through questions regarding the course content, it will be determined if the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content. Through questions concerning the principles of operation and interpretation of the techniques discussed in the course, will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of applying the acquired knowledge.
To pass the exam, the student must correctly answer at least 60% of the partial test questions. The final grade is out of thirty, in proportion to the number of correct answers. And 'provided that the student can improve your score in the written application through the oral exam. Depending on the progress of the pandemic it may be necessary to conduct the examinations remotely through the use of Microsoft Teams.

Other information

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