cod. 1008660

Academic year 2021/22
1° year of course - Second semester
Professor responsible for the course unit
integrated course unit
7 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

The course includes three series of lectures, overall aimed at promoting the achievement of essential knowledge on (1) basic metrology, available instruments for the study of movement, data elaboration; (2) the most common laboratory exams for the characterization of major pathological processes of interest for people who practice exercise and for the evaluation of pathophysiological outcomes of exercise; (3) the main features of microorganisms and viruses etiologic agents of infectious diseases, and the principles of laboratory diagnosis, as a tool for a conscious approach to the infectious diseases.


Basic notions of Physics, Biology, Biochemistry, Physiology and general Microbiology.

Course unit content

The course will concern fundamentals of metrology, the most common instrumentation available for movement evaluation, data analysis and the relative techniques and instrumentation, the main laboratory exams adopted to evaluate the effects of exercise on human health.
General features microorganisms and viruses etiological agents of infectious diseases, along with host defenses against infections and principles and methods of laboratory diagnosis of infectious diseases, will be also described.

Full programme

For Instrumentation for movement analysis:
A) Introduction to metrology
- Basic definitions
- Direct and indirect measures
- Measurement uncertainty
- Measuring scales
B) Instruments for movement analysis
- Optoelectronic system
- Dynamometric Systems
- Electromyography
- Wearable sensors
C) Introduction to Microsoft Excel

For General Pathology and Diagnostics:
A) Elements of General Pathology
- Cell damage and death
- Acute and chronic inflammation
B) The blood
- Blood functions
- The complete blood count (CBC)
- The hematocrit and its alterations
- Anemia
- Leukocytes and leukocytosis
C) Indicators of tissue damage
- Organ-specific and non-organ-specific indicators
- Acute phase reaction, CRP and VES
D) Overtraining
- Fundamentals of immunopathology: Hypersensitivity and immunodeficiency
- Immunologic indicators of overtraining
- EIB and anaphylaxis
- Laboratory evaluation of immunocompetence
E) Organ damage
- Organ profiles
- The liver and the hepatic profile
- Liver toxicity of steroids
F) Diabetes Mellitus
- Physiopathological and biochemical bases
- The main types of DM
- The role of exercise in DM
- Esercise as the polypill
- Laboratory in the follow up of the diabetic patient

For Applied Microbiology:
A) Human body and microbial populations
- The resident microbiota in humans.
- Host-parasite interactions.
- Host defenses against infectious agents.
- Innate and adaptive immunity.
B) Infectious disease
- General information on infectious diseases.
- Etiologic agents of infectious diseases: bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses.
- Transmission routes of infectious agents and their pathogenicity.
C) -Laboratory diagnosis of infectious diseases: principles and methods
- Biological samples for the laboratory diagnosis of viral and microbial infections: sample collection, transport and storage.
- Microscopic examination, culture, antigen detection, nuclei acid amplification tests.
- Antibody detection.


For General Pathology:
- Antoniozzi, Gulletta (eds.)
Medicina di laboratorio
Logica & Patologia Clinica
III ed., Piccin, Padova, 2019

For Applied Microbiology:
- Madigan M.T., Martinko J.M., Stahl D.A., Clark D.P. BROCK. Biologia dei microrganismi 3 – Microbiologia biomedica. Pearson Italia, Milano-Torino, 2012.

For “Instrumentation for Movement Analysis” reference material will be provided during the lectures.

For all the modules, the slides shown during the lectures will be available on the Elly site.

Teaching methods

Lessons will be on site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented.
Lectures will be interactive and will be carried on through a dialogue between the teacher and the students.
Supporting didactic material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids or video-recording of the lessons.
Slide consultation will be necessary but NOT sufficient for students preparation.
Some of the lessons of the module "Strumenti per l'analisi del movimento" will concern the software Excel and will include practical simulations at the computer.

Assessment methods and criteria

Learning outcomes will be verified through an oral examination. A preventive written exam will concern the module "Strumenti per l'analisi del movimento" and will consist of multiple choice questions, practical exercises and a question with open response.
The oral exam will consist of two questions (one for Pathology, the other for Microbiology) from two different examiners. Both will concern topics listed in the detailed program of the course. The dialogue between the student and the examiners will be finalized in evaluating the knowledge acquired by the student and her/his ability of applying the acquired knowledge to situations of professional interest.
The final mark will be the mean of the three evaluations with the possibility of raising or lowering the final mark of a maximum of three votes depending on the appropriateness of the terms used and quality of the presentation.
Admission to the oral exam will require the successful outcome of the written test. The outcome of the written test will be valid throughout all the exam sessions of the academic year. Failure in one of the questions at the oral exam will imply the repetition of the oral exam.
Whenever pandemics should require to perform remotely examinations, Teams platform will be adopted, providing the students with adequate instructions.

Other information

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