cod. 1007816

Academic year 2021/22
2° year of course - Second semester
Maria Eugenia COLUCCI
Academic discipline
Igiene generale e applicata (MED/42)
Formazione interdisciplinare
Type of training activity
60 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: -
course unit

Integrated course unit module: PRINCIPLES OF ODONTOIATRICS

Learning objectives

Students should acquire knowledge about primary, secondary and
tertiary prevention and their practical applications; they also should
understand aspects related to epidemiology and prevention of infectious
and non infectious diseases and acquire notions of environmental
hygiene and human nutrition.


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Course unit content

General conepts of hygiene and health. Fundamental concepts of epidemiology and prevention of infectious and non infectious diseases.
Measures and strategies of prevention. The levels of preventive
intervention. Chemoprophylaxis and immunoprophylaxis. Epidemiology
and prevention of specific diseases, with particular reference to
pathologies of dental interest.
Food hygiene and nutrition. Environmental hygiene with particular
reference to the quality of water for human use and to air quality.

Full programme

Definition and aims of Hygiene and Preventive Dentistry.
Disease prevention and Health promotion. Promotion of oral health.
General epidemiology of infectious disease.
Infection sources and reservoirs. Transmission mode. Factors favoring the appearance of infections. Modes of appearance of infections in the population.
Discovery and inactivation of infection sources, interruption of
transmission chains; increase of resistance to infections.
Purposes and the methods of the prevention.
Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.
Notification, default measures, diagnosis of infectious diseases.
Sterilization, disinfection and disinfestation.
Active and passive immunoprophylaxis. Chemoprophylaxis.
The hygienic management of the dental environment. Disposal of waste
in the dental environment.
General principles of prevention of not infectious disease.
Epidemiology and prevention of the main pathologies of dental interest.
Notes on epidemiology and prevention of periodontal disease.
Epidemiology and prevention of dental caries.
Epidemiology and prophylaxis of viral hepatitis, HIV infections, Tetanus, Tuberculosis, respiratory virosis, herpetic infections: possible repercussions on the dental profession.
Care-related infections.
Health and environment: air and water quality.
Air and water pollution.
Potabilization of water. Sewage treatment.
The water of the dental unit.
Food hygiene and Nutrition.


Igiene. S.Barbuti e Alt., Edit. Monduzzi IV ED (2014);
Igiene in Odontoiatria. M.T Montagna, P.Castiglia, G.Liguori, M.Quarto,
Edit. Monduzzi 2004;
Igiene e Sanità pubblica. Secrets, domande e risposte 2021. Editor Carlo
Signorelli, III edizione, Società editrice Universo.

Teaching methods

Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented. Supporting material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids or video-recording of the lectures.

Assessment methods and criteria

Oral examination.
It consists of an oral examination aimed at ascertaining
the understanding of the topics covered in the different parts of the
course, through 3 general questions.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be
conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide
Students with SLD/BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for
students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (

Other information

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