cod. 1004836

Academic year 2021/22
3° year of course - Second semester
- Stefano GANDOLFI - Paolo MORA
Academic discipline
Malattie apparato visivo (MED/30)
"scienze dell'ortottica e dell'assistenza di oftalmologia"
Type of training activity
21 hours
of face-to-face activities
3 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

1 descriptor Dublin: knowledge and understanding
learn the basic techniques of ophthalmic surgery and the principles of operation and use of the main diagnostic tests under physiological conditions and in ophthalmic diseases and adnexa

2 Dublin descriptor: knowledge and understanding applied
The knowledge gained will be applied to the clinical and surgical management of patients with diseases of the eye and adnexa

3 descriptor Dublin: Judgement
At the end of the course, the student will be able to make the main diagnostic tests covered in this course, as well as to evaluate the indication for surgery in patients with eye diseases. .

4 descriptor Dublin: communication skills
the student should speak with the correct technical language

5 Dublin descriptor: ability to learn
the student will be able to (a) understand the mode of execution of the main diagnostic tests in the district, (b) perform maneuvers semeiology instrumental and (c) become aware of probematiche of the major eye surgery, and know to plan a program of assistance on the professional orthoptist to Assistant in Ophthalmology, regarding clinical cases dealt with


Knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathology of ocular elements

Course unit content

Discipline of Surgery - Prof. Stefano Gandolfi:
Cataract surgery: preoperative evaluation of the patient, introduction of techniques used for cataract extraction, the follow-up in the absence and presence of complications.
Glaucoma surgery: surgical indications, preoperative functional assessment, outline of surgical techniques used in the various types of glaucoma (ie, congenital, juvenile, adult, acute, refractory etc..), Follow-up of patients operated for trabeculectomy.
Corneal surgery: the penetrating keratoplasty (indications, preo postoperative evaluation with particular reference to the keratoconus patient, follow-up post-poperatorio), dell'ametropia myopic refractive surgery (indications, medico-legal aspects, outline of surgical techniques, follow-up).
Retinal surgery: the approach scleral buckling and vitrectomy (indications, risk / benefit ratio of each technique, orthotic complications of surgery for retinal detachment)
Strabismus surgery: general principles of strabismus surgery. Surgery on horizontal rectus muscles, Cyclovertical deviation surgery, Pre and post operative surgical semeiotics.
Eyelid surgery: surgical anatomy of the eyelids. Surgical semeiotics of eyelid malpositions, ptosis surgery, ectropion and entropion surgery. Eyelid retraction surgery.

Discipline of Semiotics - Prof. Paolo Mora:
The cycle of lessons is aimed to study the major pathological evidences of the retino-choroidal complex as they appeared in the instrumental investigations currently used in the Ophthalmology Unit of the A.O.U. of Parma. Particular attentintion will be paid to diabetic, hypertensive and occlusive retinopathies.

Full programme

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- American Academy of Ophthalmology Ophthalmic series
- J.S. Shuman C.A. Puliafito et al: Tomografia a coerenza ottica delle patologie oculari Verduci Editore 2006
- Duane's Ophthalmology Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2002
- Yannuzzi et al: Retina, Vitreo, Macula Verduci Editore 2000
- M.Yanoff, JS. Duker: Ophthalmology Mosby 2004

Teaching methods

During the lectures will be illustrated and discussed the content of the course.
The course will be supported by practical exercises and individual, in order to provide the opportunity for each student (a) to be able to measure in various clinical situations with the practical use of the main diagnostic tools discussed in a theoretical way during class and (b) witness the execution of surgeries performed on the eye and ocular adnexa. Due to the emergency situation the lessons could also take place remotely (synchronously / asynchronously) using Microsoft Teams.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the achievement of the objectives set by the course includes an oral exam.
Through questions regarding the course content, it will be determined if the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content. Through questions concerning the principles of operation and interpretation of the main diagnostic tools covered in the course, will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of applying the acquired knowledge. Due to the emergency situation, the exam could only take place in the oral / remote form using the Microsoft Teams platform.

Other information

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