cod. 00752

Academic year 2020/21
2° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Malattie apparato visivo (MED/30)
"scienze dell'ortottica e dell'assistenza di oftalmologia"
Type of training activity
28 hours
of face-to-face activities
4 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Integrated course unit module: PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS

Learning objectives

The course aims to enable the student to learn and understand through lectures and interactive practices, the principles of operation and use of the main diagnostic tests. It also provides the basic elements for the interpretation of these methods in order to gain the ability to use the knowledge and understanding learned in carrying out these methods on their own.

The student at the end of the course, using the knowledge of anatomy, physiology, pathology and psychology previously acquired, must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of optics applied to eye care.
The student also applying the knowledge and understanding acquired, shall be able, even collaborating with other professionals, to be able to conduct tests on their own.


Examination of "ocular motility, binocular vision and pathophysiological bases of optics"

Course unit content

The course aims to deepen the principles of ocular refraction on the following topics:

- Standardization of the measures
- Optical aberrations of the visual system
- Principles of correction of refractive defects
- Calculation principles of artificial lens
- Optical instruments in ophthalmology

Full programme

Principles of refraction and measurement of visual acuity

Correction of refractive errors with spectacle and contact lenses

Correction of refractive errors with lasers and intraocular lenses

Calculation of intraocular lens power in cataract surgery

Optical instruments for the cornea
Keratometry and corneal topography
Corneal tomography
Endothelial and confocal microscopy

Visualization of the fundus of the eye
Retinal angiographies
OCT (optical coherence tomography)

Optical aberrations of the eye


- GP Paliaga: L'esame del visus. Minerva Medica 1991
- Zeri, Rossetti, Fossetti, Calossi: Ottica visuale. SEU Società Editrice Universo, 2012

Teaching methods

The course will be held through lectures to Students either in the classroom (“in presenza”) or in synchronous-streaming (“in telepresenza”) on the Teams platform. Therefore, the opportunity of Student/Teacher interaction will be preserved both face to face and remotely, by the simultaneous use of the Teams platform. Lectures may be supported by slide presentations, which will be available to students on the Elly platform (https://elly.medicina.unipr.it).

Assessment methods and criteria

Examination modalities of the integrated course

Other information