cod. 00182

Academic year 2018/19
1° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Chimica generale e inorganica (CHIM/03)
A scelta dello studente
Type of training activity
Student's choice
14 hours
of face-to-face activities
2 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

To provide the basics of organic chemistry to understand the behavior and reactivity of substances in the risk assessment process.


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Course unit content

Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons
Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkines: nomenclature.
Radical replacement exercise on alkanes to obtain alkyl halides: from ethane to chloroethane.
Homolytic and heterolytic breakdown of the chemical bond: radicals, carbocations and carboanions.
Alkyl halides. Nomenclature of alkyl halides. Aliphatic nucleophilic substitution.
Alcohols' and phenols' acidity. Nomenclature of alcohols.
Ethers: nomenclature.
Carbonyl derivatives: aldehydes and ketones. Nomenclature of aldehydes and ketones. Nucleophilic addition. Sugars such as polyhydroxyaldehydes and polyhydroxyketones.
Carboxylic acids and derivatives: esters, acyl halides, amides, anhydrides. Nomenclature of carboxylic acids and esters. Acyl nucleophilic substitution. carboxylic acids' acidity.
Amines: nomenclature and preparation.
Aromatic compounds: Benzene and its derivatives. Aromatic electrophilic substitution
Reactivity of organic compounds.
Basic and nucleophilic concept, concept of acid and electrophile.
Acidity scale of organic compounds. Oxidation scale of organic compounds: assignment of oxidation numbers in organic compounds.
Lipids, fats and triglycerides. Preparation of a triglyceride. Soaps. The saponification reaction.
Amino acids; formula of amino acids in aqueous solution. The peptide bond and proteins.
Chemical bases of the toxicity / hazard of the main inorganic and organic substances.

Full programme

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Teacher's slides.

Teaching methods

Lectures with exercises.

Assessment methods and criteria


Other information

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