The student learns about measurement errors and their effect on
conputations; knows how to roughly evaluate the order of magnitude of
the results based on simple calculations; knows how to choose the best
combination of instruments and surveying techniques. On the basis of
fundamental concepts of surveying and cartography the student knows
how to plan and execute the survey, adjust the observations and analyse
The student applies his knowledge and undestanding by solving
exercices, in the classroom or at home, that refer to engineering practice.Moreover, grouped in teams, students carry out a practical survey with
total station, including the adjustment of a small network.
In the lectures it is stressed a problematic attitude towards the limits and
validity of methods and approximations in the mathematical and
statistical models; the exercices do not merely repeat the same case, but
demand of the student a critical review of his knowledge.
Teamwork in the surveys exercices with total station help students to
make and motivate choices, exchange opinions, draw conclusions. A
written report is also required to illustrate the aim and the results of the