Knowledge and understanding:
The purpose of the course, in its first section, is to review the basic notions of the Earth’s geology, with a preliminary introduction of the modern geology assumptions and plate tectonics basis. These concepts will then, be used to describe the minerals, the rocks and all the natural phenomena that influence their genesis and modifications. In its second portion, the course will deal with the geological and geotechnical survey techniques, along with the in situ testing that are normally used as a base for the geological and geotechnical reports. These reports are, in fact, the mandatory requirement for the definition of any civil and environmental design. Furthermore, the course will deal with the modern concepts of geological and geotechnical monitoring, discussing the latest instrumentation available, their application techniques as well as the analysis required for data validation. Finally, the attention will be focused on the latest techniques for the application of these monitoring results as tools in the observational design approach and in the development of early warning systems.
Applying knowledge, understanding and making judgments:
There will be theoretical lessons regarding the course topics, enriched with applied examples. Exercises or laboratory hours are not foreseen, but the students will be actively involved in the applied example presentation, in order to stimulate their interest for the discipline and to improve their informed initiative.
The student will have to demonstrate its knowledge of the topics during the oral examination (alternatively the exam could be a descriptive written report, to be carried out during two hours class time). During the exam, some theoretical aspects of the first and second portion of the course, will be discussed. After this theoretical discussion, a specific design scenario will be presented to the student and he will be expected to address informed choices regarding the most appropriate survey techniques and in situ testing. In some other cases, a monitoring scenario will be presented and the student will be required to choose and design the most appropriate system.