cod. 1004825

Academic year 2015/16
2° year of course - First semester
Professor responsible for the course unit
NUZZI Giuseppe
integrated course unit
8 credits
course unit
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Course unit structured in the following modules:

Learning objectives

learning of the basis knowledge of binocular vision and correct utilization of diagnostic tests


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Course unit content

 General concepts about ocular imbalance.
 Heterophoria: physiopathology. Esophoria and exophoria
 Intermittent strabismus and heterophoria
 Physiopathology of heterotropia. General concepts about esotropia, exotropia, vertical strabismus and alphabetic syndromes.
 Strabismic and/or anisometropic amblyopia: diagnosis, measurement, treatment (patching, penalization), and follow-up.
 Nystagmus: physiologic, congenital, acquired.
 Oculomotor palsy: congenital, acquired, secondary.
 The diplopia, the confusion, and the past-pointing. Study of extraocular muscles, and cranial nerves function.
 Examination of ocular motility: cover test, corneal reflexes, pseudo-strabismus.
 Incomitant deviation: measurement and diagnosis (cover test, Hess-Lancaster Test, Bielschowski test, examination of diplopia).
 The anomalous head position: congenital and acquired.
 Examination of binocular vision: suppression in the binocular visual field, retinal rivalry, normal ad anomalous retinal correspondence, stereopsis.
 Examination of fixation.

Full programme

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Burian, Hermann M.; Von Noorden, Gunter K.
Binocular vision and ocular motility : theory and management of strabismus / Hermann M. Burian, Gunter K. Von Noorden
Saint Louis [etc.] : Mosby, 1974

Diagnosi e terapia dello strabismo e delle anomalie oculomotorie. SEE Editrice Firenze, 1998

Teaching methods

Frontal lesson

Assessment methods and criteria

Multiple choice quizzes

Other information

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