cod. 00752

Academic year 2015/16
2° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Malattie apparato visivo (MED/30)
"scienze dell'ortottica e dell'assistenza di oftalmologia"
Type of training activity
28 hours
of face-to-face activities
4 credits
hub: -
course unit
in - - -

Integrated course unit module: PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS

Learning objectives

The course aims to enable the student to learn and understand through lectures and interactive practices, the principles of operation and use of the main diagnostic tests under physiological conditions and disorders of the visual system that is most commonly encountered in clinical practice. It also provides the basic elements for the interpretation of these methods in order to allow the student the ability to use the knowledge and understanding gained in carrying out these methods on their own.

The student at the end of the course, using the knowledge of anatomy, physiology, pathology and psychology previously acquired must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the most advanced optics pathophysiological.
The student also applying the knowledge and understanding acquired, shall be able, even collaborating with other professionals, to be able to conduct tests on their own.


Examination of "ocular motility, binocular vision and pathophysiological bases of optics"

Course unit content

The course aims to deepen the principles of refraction clinic on the following topics:

- Standardization of the measures
- Optical aberrations of the visual system
- Principles of surgical correction of refractive defects
- Calculation principles of artificial lens
- Optical instruments in ophthalmology

Full programme

Standardization of measures
visual acuity

Optical aberrations of the visual system
basic concepts, PSF, simulations
corneal aberrations
Total aberrations

Principles of surgical correction of refractive defects
photoablation with excimer laser
femtosecond laser
phakic IOLs

Principles of calculation of the artificial lens
collecting data and measuring instruments
formulas, their limitations, special cases
clinical context

Precision optics in ophthalmology
Scheimpflug room
Visualization systems fundus
confocal Microscopy


- GP Paliaga: L'esame del visus. Minerva Medica 1991
- Zeri, Rossetti, Fossetti, Calossi: Ottica visuale. SEU Società Editrice Universo, 2012
- M.Yanoff, JS. Duker: Ophthalmology Mosby 2004
- Tasman, Jaeger, eds. Duane's Ophthalmology. LWW 2006

Teaching methods

During the lectures will be illustrated and discussed the content of the course.
The course will be supported by practical exercises and individual, in order to provide the opportunity for each student to be able to measure in various clinical situations with the practical use of the main diagnostic tools discussed in a theoretical way during the lessons.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the achievement of the objectives set by the course includes a written examination.
Through questions regarding the course content, it will be determined if the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content. Through questions concerning the principles of operation and interpretation of the techniques discussed in the course, will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of applying the acquired knowledge.
To pass the exam, the student must correctly answer at least 60% of the questions. The final grade is out of thirty, in proportion to the number of correct answers. And 'provided that the student can improve your score in the written application through an oral, that may change the rating of no more than 3 points.

Other information

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